Dionysius


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Dionysius,

king of Portugal: see DinizDiniz,
Port. Dinis , 1261–1325, king of Portugal (1279–1325), son and successor of Alfonso III. Like his grandfather, Alfonso X of Castile, whose legal works he had translated into Portuguese, Diniz was a poet and a patron of literature.
..... Click the link for more information.
.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Dionysius

 

in Syracuse.

Dionysius I the Elder. Born circa 432 B.C. in Syracuse; died there circa 367. Tyrant beginning in 406. After advancing his career as the leader of a detachment of mercenaries during the war against Carthage (408-405), Dionysius I seized power, retaining the national assembly and the council for demogogic purposes. He relied on the mercenary army, the new aristocracy of officials, and to some degree on the strata of tradespeople, artisans, and the poor. He pursued a policy of conquest in the territories of Sicily, Corsica, and Italy. Dionysius I the Elder enjoyed the support of reactionary elements throughout Greece, and he rendered assistance, for example, to Sparta in its struggle against the Boeotian League. During his reign Syracuse was transformed into a major cultural center. Dionysius I was the author of a number of tragedies, poems, and songs.

Dionysius II the Younger. Years of birth and death unknown. Tyrant from 367 to 357 and 346 to 344 B.C. Eldest son of Dionysius I. Like his father, Dionysius II considered the army his chief support, and after becoming tyrant he created a strong and large army. By declaring an amnesty, abolishing taxes for three years, and implementing other measures, he won the poor people over to his side. Around 357 he waged a war in southern Italy against the Greek cities of Rhegium and Caulonia and against the Lucanians. At this time, power in Syracuse was seized by Dion, a relative of Dionysius II. However, in 346, Dionysius II regained power in Syracuse. In 344, besieged by Hiketas, the ruler of the city of Leontini, and the Corinthian general Timoleon, he surrendered the fortress to Timokon. Dionysius II was exiled to Corinth, where he became a priest of the goddess Cybele and died in extreme poverty.

REFERENCES

Frolov, E. D. “Vystuplenie i prikhod k vlasti Dionisiia Starshego.” Vestnik drevnei istorii, 1971, no. 3.
Stroheker, K. Dionysios I: Gestalt und Geschichte des Tyrannen von Syrakus. Wiesbaden, 1958.

S. S. SOLOV’EVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Dionysius

called the Elder. ?430--367 bc, tyrant of Syracuse (405--367), noted for his successful campaigns against Carthage and S Italy
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Dionysius is a particularly important link between East and West.
It showcases 54 masterpieces spanning from the 1400s to the 20th century, including Wassily Kandinsky's "Red Square in Moscow," Ivan Kramskoi's "Christ in the Wilderness," and Dionysius' 16th-century icon "The Crucifixion."
King Dionysius effectively conveyed the sense of constant fear in which a person with great power may live.
Page 47 note 4: "Usher 7, 1-2." The correct reference is: Dionysius of Halicarnassus, On Lysias 7.1-2.
Dionysius received a tradition that the Roman emperor Augustus reigned 43 years, and was followed by the emperor Tiberius.
Saint Dionysius offered apophasis (unsaying) and kataphasis (saying) as oppositional yet complementary elements in his mystical theology, often termed Via Negativa.
Dionysius the Areopagite, Orthodox Christianity and the failure of environmental history, creation in the liturgies for the feasts of the Theotokos, and natural and supernatural revelation in early Irish and Greek monastic thought.
Dionysius disguises himself as a stranger and brings along a band of bacchants, freedom-loving women, who help Dionysius lure the crafty Theban king to his end.
Debbie Dionysius, Laguna Phuket's assistant vice president of Destination Marketing, said: "The growth of airline services from the GCC countries is particularly exciting for us as we are engaging with both Arab and expatriate holidaymakers in these important markets.
Visitors to Laguna Phuket may also buy their own of villas, townhouses, condominiums and apartments for sale around the resort, Dionysius said.
In fact during the course of the plays (the puppets' and the actors'), the audience also learns of a glove puppet's 'naked leg and goodly calf', hears various puppet scatological jokes, and sees the Puppet Dionysius vanquish an anti-theatrical Puritan, Zeal-of-the-Land Busy, in a one-on-one debate on the legitimacy of theatre (5.4.125).