Diori, Hamani

Diori, Hamani,

1916–89, Nigerien political leader. A teacher in Niger and Paris, and then a school headmaster in Niamey, Niger, he helped found (1946) the Niger Progressive party (PPN). After serving in the French National Assembly and later as chair of Niger's assembly prior to independence, he became (1960) Niger's first president and the PPN became the country sole party. He was reelected unopposed in 1965 and 1970 and served at times as defense minister (1960–63) and foreign minister (1960–63, 1965–67). His government, which maintained close ties with France, suffered from significant corruption. In 1974, Diori was overthrown in a military coup led by Lt. Col. Seyni KountchéKountché, Seyni
, 1931–87, president of Niger (1974–87). He was army chief of staff when he ousted Hamani Diori, Niger's first president, in a military coup. He suspended the constitution, dissolved parliament, and suppressed all political activities.
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. He subsequently lived in exile in Morocco.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Diori, Hamani

 

Born June 16, 1916, in Soudouré, Niger. Statesman of Niger.

Diori by training and profession is a teacher. He was one of the founders of the Niger Progressive Party in 1946. From 1946 to 1951 and from 1956 to 1959 he was a deputy to the French National Assembly from Niger, and from 1957 to 1959 he was its vice-chairman. In 1951 he became secretary general of the Niger Progressive Party. In December 1958 he headed the government of autonomous Niger; from 1960 to 1974 he was president and head of the government of independent Niger.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.