Castor and Pollux

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Related to Dioskouroi: Dioscuri, Kastor and Polydeuces

Castor and Pollux

(pŏl`əks), in classical mythology, twin heroes called the Dioscuri; Castor was the son of LedaLeda
, in Greek mythology, daughter of Thestios, king of Aetolia, and wife of Tyndareus, king of Sparta. According to most legends, she was seduced by Zeus, who visited her in the form of a swan.
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 and Tyndareus, Pollux the son of Leda and Zeus. They were brothers to Helen and Clytemnestra. Castor excelled as a horseman and Pollux as a boxer. They were great warriors and were noted for their devotion to each other. In one version of the legend, after Castor was killed by Lynceus, Pollux, in accordance with the classical tradition that one of every set of twins is the son of a god and thus immortal, begged Zeus to allow his brother to share his immortality with him. Zeus arranged for the twins to divide their time evenly between Hades and Heaven, and in their honor he created the constellation Gemini. According to another legend, Castor was killed by Idas. The Dioscuri were widely regarded as patrons of mariners and were responsible for Saint Elmo's fireSaint Elmo's fire,
luminous discharge of electricity extending into the atmosphere from some projecting or elevated object. It is usually observed (often during a snowstorm or a dust storm) as brushlike fiery jets extending from the tips of a ship's mast or spar, a wing,
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. They were especially honored by the Romans, on whose side they were said to have appeared miraculously during the battle of Lake Regillus.

Castor and Pollux

 

(also known as the Dioscuri), in ancient Greek mythology, the sons of Leda and Zeus, twin heroes. Castor was mortal, and Pollux was immortal. According to the myths, they performed a number of feats, for example, journeying to Attica to free their sister Helen, abducted by Theseus, and participating in the Argonautic expedition. Castor was known for his ability to manage horses and Pollux as a boxer. In origin they were local Spartan deities, honored as patrons of the Spartan state.

Castor and Pollux

twin brothers who lived and died together. [Gk. Myth.: Zimmerman, 52]

Castor and Pollux

sons of Leda and Zeus, placed in heaven as constellation Gemini. [Gk. Myth.: Zimmerman, 52]
See: Twins
References in periodicals archive ?
It is also unlikely that we have here a depiction of the Dioskouroi, as Mitropoulou (1977, p.
147-148), terracotta figurines and plaques (Salapata 1992, 1993, 1997), and stone reliefs, especially those depicting the Dioskouroi (Sanders 1992).
It is possible that the image of two amphoras surrounded by snakes, an emblem of the Dioskouroi, was an expression of the same idea.
An anonymous group of bronze obols with a head of Herakles in a lionskin cap on the obverse and a club flanked by the stars of the Dioskouroi on the reverse (e.g., Fig.
The Dioskouroi had been the traditional symbol of the Eurypontid-Agiad dyarchy since the Archaic and Classical periods.
By the 3rd century B.C., however, the potency of the Dioskouroi as the model for Spartan royalty par excellence had weakened: their symbols on the bronzes of Kleomenes III and his successors, and later those of Nabis and his predecessors (Fig.
(31) Accounts of ancient ritual also indicate a close proximity between the Prytaneion and the Anakeion; evidently the Anakeia festival included a primitive theoxenia, in which the Dioskouroi were hosted in the Prytaneion.
(36) If this ancient site between Straton and Rangavis Streets should be identified with any historical monument in Pausanias's testimony, however, the most likely would be the lost Anakeion of the Dioskouroi. (37)
The theory that the `Rampin Rider' may have belonged to a group showing the sons of Peisistratos is given no support (though with names like Hippias and Hipparchus, surely it must remain attractive, no need, either, to insist on their guise as the Dioskouroi).