the final independent, comprehensive project of a student in a higher or secondary specialized technical educational institution. The diploma project consists of theoretical or experimental research, calculations, designs, and an explanatory note that includes substantiation of the project’s technical and economic feasibility and computed-structural data. The subject of a diploma project includes the basic questions that an engineer or technician will encounter in production and corresponds to the extent of the theoretical knowledge and practical skills acquired during the period of instruction in the higher educational institution or technicum.
A diploma project is defended at an open meeting of the state examination commission of higher educational institutions or at an open meeting of the state qualification commission of technicums. A diploma project may be defended at either an educational institution or at an enterprise or institution for which the subject of the project being defended is of scientific-theoretical or practical interest.
In certain, mainly technological, specialities, the diploma project is replaced by a diploma thesis. Graduating students who have defended a diploma project are awarded diplomas certifying the appropriate qualifications.