Diplura


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Diplura

[də′plu̇r·ə]
(invertebrate zoology)
An order of small, primarily wingless insects of worldwide distribution.

Diplura

 

an order of primitive wingless insects of subclass Apterygota.

The dimensions of Diplura are small (usually less than 10 mm; rarely, to 40–50 mm); the body is elongated and white or yellowish. The head is globose with long, multisegmented antennae and no eyes; the mouth parts are adapted to gnawing. There are three pairs of legs. At the posterior end of the abdomen there is a pair of cerci. In some Diplura these cerci are long and multiarticulate; in others they are chelate. Diplura are sensitive to drying; they inhabit the soil, the forest floor, anthills, or rotten wood. The majority are predators or feed on animal remains. Fertilization is external and internal. Development proceeds without metamorphosis. More than 200 species of Diplura are known; they are divided into three families—Campodeidae, Japygidae, and Projapygidae. Pro-japygidae are found in Africa and South America; Campodeidae (for example, represented by species of genus Campodea), in the central zone of the European USSR; and Japygidae, in the south (as far north as the steppe zone). Japyx ghilarovi is common in the Crimea. There are about 20 species in all in the USSR; of these the largest is Japyx dux (to 40 mm), found in Middle Asia.

REFERENCE

Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 3. Edited by L. A. Zenkevich. Moscow, 1969.

M. S. GILIAROV

References in periodicals archive ?
In Australia, Diplura are not abundant nor frequently encountered in soil even in humid situations and are never found in arid or semiarid environments.
Pseudoscorpionida and Diplura were both absent in a pasture area, but they occurred in forest fragments in four and three different stages of succession, respectively, in the Brazilian Amazon (Rousseau et al., 2014).
Hymenoptera 34 Coleoptera 14 Diptera 6 Acari 6 Homoptera 4 Grylloblattodea 3 Hemiptera 3 Orthoptera 3 Araneae 3 Lepidoptera 2 Collembola 1 Diplura 1 Dictyoptera 1 Ephemeroptera 1 Heteroptera 1 Phasmida 1 Protura 1 Thysanoptera 1 Pine plantation Order Number of morpho spp.
orophilus consistio de poaceas y ciperaceas y una diversidad de insectos que incluye coleopteros, hemipteros, lepidopteros, dipteros, himenopteros, ftirapteros, dipluras y aracnidos; la de M.
La clase Insecta fue la mas representativa con 14 ordenes (Blattodea, Coleoptera, Dermaptera, Diplura, Diptera, Hemiptera, Homoptera, Hymenoptera, Mantodea, Mecoptera, Orthoptera, Psocoptera, Thysanura y Thysanoptera), seguida por la Clase Collembola, que tuvo representacion de sus cuatro ordenes Poduromorpha, Entomobryomorpha, Symphypleona y Neelipleona, abarcando nuevos registros de 6 familias (9 nuevas especies) para Colombia (Penaranda 2005).
--., 1991.- Introduccion a los insectos sin alas (Protura, Diplura, Collembola, Thysanura): 1-23 (en) Manuales y guias para el estudio de microartropodos.
This setal plate is strikingly different from the single series of up to 10-20 clavate setae found in the known species of Diplura Koch 1850 (Raven 1985:fig.
Otros ordenes que contribuyeron fueron Diplura, Geophilomorpha, Glomeridesmida, Hymenoptera, Lepidoptera, Neuroptera, Opilionida, Psocoptera, Sco lopendromorpha y Thysanoptera.
En contraste, en Collembola y Diplura (grupos de insectos apteros que usan tambien la transmision indirecta de esperma), generalmente no se presenta contacto directo entre los machos y las hembras.
En Hexapoda se incluyen dos capitulos que tratan los "Collembola" y "Protura y Diplura"; un capitulo sobre Insecta Apterygota: "Archaeognatha y Zygentoma"; y 15 capitulos destinados a discutir y describir los grupos de Insecta Hemimetabola que incluyen a "Ephemeroptera", "Odonata", "Plecoptera", "Psocoptera", "Homoptera: (Fulgoroidea, Cicadoidea, Membracoidea, Cercopoidea, Aphidoidea, Aleyrodidae, Psylloidea y Coccoidea)", "Isoptera", "Thysanoptera", "Orthoptera", "Dermaptera", "Zoraptera", "Embioptera" y "Hemiptera: Lygaeidae, Pentatomidae, Reduviidae y Enicocephalomorpha".
Estes grupos de menor importancia numerica Aracnida (aranhas), Chilopoda (centopeias), Diplopoda (piolho-de-cobra), Diplura (Ordem de artropodes pertencentes a classe Entognatha), Gastropoda (caracois e lesmas), Isopoda (tatuzinhos), Orthoptera (grilos) e Thysanoptera (tripes) - e os organismos que nao puderam ser identificados foram considerados como "Outros".