kangaroo rat

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Related to Dipodomys: kangaroo rats

kangaroo rat,

small, jumping desert rodent, genus Dipodomys, related to the pocket mousepocket mouse,
small jumping rodent of W North America and as far south as N South America. More closely related to the squirrel than the true mouse, the pocket mouse gets its name from the fur-lined cheek pouches in which it carries its food. It varies in length from 3 to 12 in.
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. There are about 20 kangaroo rat species, found throughout the arid regions of Mexico and the S and W United States. Kangaroo rats have large, mouselike heads with big eyes, external fur-lined cheek pouches for food storage, and extremely long, tufted tails. In many species the tail is longer than the combined head and body length. The total length, including the tail, is 10 to 15 in. (25–37.5 cm), depending on the species. The front limbs are very short and the back limbs extremely long and stiltlike. The animal moves by long leaps, like a kangaroo, using its tail for balance and as a rudder for turning at high speeds. Kangaroo rats have long silky fur, pale brown above and white beneath, with black and white tail tufts and black face markings. Solitary, nocturnal creatures, they live in burrows by day and forage at night for seeds, grass, and tubers. Active hoarders, they sometimes dry their food in shallow pits just below the surface of the ground, then dig it up and store it in their burrows. Like a number of other desert animals, the kangaroo rat has physiological mechanisms for conserving the water that it obtains from food or produces metabollically, so that it does not need to drink. A related genus, Microdipodops, is called the kangaroo mouse, or dwarf kangaroo rat. It is about 6 in. (15 cm) in total length and is found in the Great Basin of the W United States. Kangaroo rats are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Rodentia, family Heteromyidae.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Texas kangaroo rat, Dipodomys elator, from Motley County, Texas, with notes on habitat attributes.
pocket mouse -- 2 2 Dipodomys heermanii, Heermann's kangaroo rat x -- -- Castoridae Castor canadensis, beaver x -- -- Muridae Neotoma cinerea, bushy-tailed woodrat x -- -- N.
Sandbathing to establish familiarity in the Merriam's kangaroo rat, Dipodomys merriami.
Rosenzweig and Winakur (1969) found that the kangaroo rats Dipodomys merriami and D.
truei (18%), Tamias dorsalis (9%), and Dipodomys ordii (2%).
Dipodomys heermanni, which is intermediate in size among species of Dipodomys, appears to display territoriality and primarily larder hoards (Tappe, 1941; E.
formosus, Perognathus longimembris, Dipodomys merriami, Neotoma lepida, Peromyscus maniculatus, P.
Analyzing data from two sites in New Mexico from 1994 to 1998, we found that for many species of Peromyscus, Reithrodontomys, Neotoma, Dipodomys, and Perognathus, the monitoring program detected species-specific spatial and temporal differences in rodent densities; trap-related deaths did not significantly affect long-term population estimates.
Behavioural modulation of predation risk: moonlight avoidance and crepuscular compensation in a nocturnal desert rodent, Dipodomys merriami.
vaughani, and several heteromyid taxa, including Dipodomys gidleyi, Oregonomys cf.