Dipsacaceae


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Dipsacaceae

 

(teasels), a family of dicotyledonous plants consisting mostly of herbs with opposite exstipulate leaves. The flowers of teasels are usually grouped in dense heads surrounded by a many-leaved involucre. The fruit is an achene (inferior and dicarpellary) that is enclosed in a tight-fitting involucre and usually crowned with a calyx. There are eight to ten genera and about 250 species in the family, growing in the eastern hemisphere, primarily in the Mediterranean countries. Teasels are less common in the western hemisphere, where they grow in western Asia and in Africa along the mountains of East Africa to the south of the continent. There are seven genera and more than 70 species in the USSR, primarily in the Caucasus. The most important species are the scabious (the commonly encountered devil’s bit, or Succisa praemorsa), cephalaria (Pterocephalus), the teasel (which has the greatest economic significance), the small scabious, and the field scabious. Certain members of the Dipsacaceae family are sometimes cultivated for orna-mental purposes.

REFERENCES

Bobrov, E. G. “Vorsiankovye.” In Flora SSSR, vol. 24. Moscow-Leningrad, 1957.
Takhtadzhian, A. L. Sistema i filogeniia tsvetkovykh rastenii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.

M. E. KIRPICHNIKOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Serpentine ecotypic differentiation in a polyploid plant complex: shared tolerance to Mg and Ni stress among di- and tetraploid serpentine populations of Knautia arvensis (Dipsacaceae).
Knautia macedonica, with its tall slender flower stems and deep purple-red flowers will start to flower over the next few weeks and will, like most Dipsacaceae plants, support a good bee population.
interrupta visits either sub-family of the Dipsacaceae. With the exception of P.
One of them is specialized on Cardueae (Compositae), the other collects pollen exclusively on Dipsacaceae demonstrating a clear transition of oligoleges between different plant taxa.
The families of Dipsacales have partially or consistently monosymmetric flowers, such as Adoxaceae, Caprifoliaceae, Diervillaceae, Dipsacaceae, Linnaeaceae, Morinaceae; only in Valerianaceae are they asymmetric) (Fukuoka, 1972; Roels & Smets, 1996; Donoghue et al., 2003; Howarth & Donoghue, 2005; Howarth et al., 2011).
Dipsacaceae [5], Fabaceae [21, 49, 50, 62, 81, 107, 120, 121,
[71], Dipsacaceae [5], Fabaceae [21, 50, 62, 81, 138, 156,
1 Mai 1997.--Type: Dipsacus L.; Dipsacaceae Juss., 1789.
plants possibly related to Dipsacaceae." But Farabee (1990) thought
im Vergleich mit Valerianaceae und Dipsacaceae. Bot.
A series of articles by Philipson (1946, 1947a, 1947b, 1947c, 1948) compared histogenetic changes of the apical meristem, based on histological sections, during inflorescence onset and flower initiation in several taxa of Asteraceae, plus taxa of adjacent families Valerianaceae and Dipsacaceae. The vegetative apices were generally zonate in configuration, while the conversion to an inflorescence apex involved increases in height and width and change to a mantle/core configuration.
Unequivocal examples of tertiary syncephalia are rare in the Asteraceae (found only in four genera to date) but are often found in other families such as the Dipsacaceae and Calycer aceae.