Direct Speech

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direct speech

Direct speech refers to the direct quotation of something that someone else said. It is sometimes known as quoted speech. Because the quotation happened in the past, we put the reporting verb into the past simple tense, but we don’t change the verbs used within the quotation. We also punctuate sentences in a certain way when we use direct speech in writing.
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Direct Speech


(direct discourse), an utterance introduced word for word into an author’s speech or text. Unlike indirect speech, direct speech preserves the individual and stylistic peculiarities of the speech of the person whose utterance is being quoted, including dialect features, repetitions, pauses, and parenthetic words. Direct speech is introduced without conjunctions or personal pronouns, with verb forms indicating the relationship of the speaker to the utterance. An example of direct speech is the following: You said, “I’ll return late.” In indirect speech, this would be: You said that you would return late.

In Russian, direct speech is usually set off in text by quotation marks or by an indentation and a dash. Direct quotations are considered a variety of direct speech.

References in periodicals archive ?
As is usual in many of Zajc's poems, narration is combined with direct speech.
c) significant speech or semantic-pragmatic function when the process of utterances using linguistic structures through the use of direct speech act strategies and content of the text implies nonliteral (not literally).
In all the cases the pronoun was used in the direct speech.
His use of direct speech is concentrated in the first half of the chronicle, for example, in the account of negotiations with the doge of Venice and the pope.
Instead of using any direct speech in admitting his aggressive behavior he implicitly tries to manipulate with Nora's mind.
Say is used to introduce direct speech without any pragmatic effect, as with go, although I also find some variation.
Britain) probes the complexity and diversity of speech representations, and tries to explain the various functions performed through direct speech in relation to both the local and the sociocultural context in which it is embedded.
Many changes of font size and type help to make the text interesting and give emphasis to the direct speech and more dramatic moments of the story.
Another product for the visually impaired, MagniTalk, provides direct speech access to a zoom text user interface with NaturallySpeaking Pro voice commands.
When the brain hears monotonously-spoken direct speech quotations which it expects to be more vivid, the brain simply 'talks over' the speech it hears with more vivid speech utterances of its own.
Glittery speech bubbles emphasise the direct speech for children, but first and foremost, this is a text to be enjoyed aloud with beautiful illustrations.
Writers have to decide with what frequency to use them, where to place the tag in relation to the direct speech (before, afterwards, or interruptively in the middle), which verbs to use (whether she said, cried, exclaimed, shrieked, or gasped), and whether or not to accompany these verbs adverbially (said she ardently, while rising from her seat) and so on.