Disarmament Conference

Disarmament Conference,

1932–37, meeting for the discussion of general disarmament. The first systematic efforts to limit armaments on an international scale, in either a quantitative or a qualitative sense, occurred at the Hague ConferencesHague Conferences,
term for the International Peace Conference of 1899 (First Hague Conference) and the Second International Peace Conference of 1907 (Second Hague Conference). Both were called by Russia and met at The Hague, the Netherlands.
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 of 1899 and 1907. Although those efforts were unsuccessful, the Allied Powers (with the exception of the United States) after World War I committed themselves to disarmament in the Treaty of Versailles and in the Covenant of the League of Nations. The United States participated in the limitation of naval armaments by the Washington Conference (1921–22) and the London Naval Conference (1930; see naval conferencesnaval conferences,
series of international assemblies, meeting to consider limitation of naval armaments, settlement of the rules of naval war, and allied issues. The London Naval Conference
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). In 1925 the League of Nations set up a preparatory commission to determine what arms should be limited and how this could be accomplished. By 1931 several points of agreement had been reached and a draft for discussion at the Disarmament Conference drawn up. The conference opened in Geneva in Feb., 1932, and was attended by League of Nations members, as well as by the United States and the Soviet Union. Disagreements over the definition of categories of war materials, which had obstructed the progress of the preparatory commission, continued to hinder the conference. Intent on maintaining its security against Germany, France was particularly reluctant to agree to any type of military limitation. Germany, whose military power had been severely limited by the Treaty of Versailles, responded by claiming that if world disarmament to the German level was not accomplished, Germany had the right to rearm and achieve military equality. Deadlock ensued. The conference was in adjournment from June to Oct., 1933. When it reassembled, Germany, now under the control of Adolf Hitler and already preparing to rearm, withdrew (Oct. 14) from the conference and from the League of Nations. The conference again adjourned, and reconvened only sporadically thereafter. It ceased to meet after May 1, 1937. By this time the general expansion of armaments that preceded World War II was already under way, and any hope for disarmament was unrealistic.
References in periodicals archive ?
Foreign Minister Pekka Haavisto will also participate in a nuclear disarmament conference convened by Sweden.
Speaking at the Disarmament Conference in Geneva, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov warned the ongoing row over Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF), which has been suspended by both sides, showed that nuclear weapons reduction mechanisms between Moscow and Washington had exhausted itself and a multilateral approach was needed, presstv reported.
Speaking at a disarmament conference in Geneva, Switzerland, Kang also reiterated that Seoul will fully enforce international sanctions "until we are assured that we are firmly and irrevocably on our way toward complete denuclearization."
Ala, in a statement at Geneva Disarmament Conference, pointed out to the double standard policy adopted by Washington and its allies in dealing with the use of chemical weapons as they turn a blind eye to the use of chemical weapons by terrorist organizations against civilians in Syria.
1999 -- Kuwait was accepted as an observer at the international disarmament conference held in Geneva.
North Korea has offered to join the international efforts for a total ban on nuclear tests, said Han Tae Song, its ambassador to the United Nations during the disarmament conference in Geneva on Tuesday.
Disarmament Conference and in the League of Nations.
BAGHDAD / NINA / Foreign Minister Ibrahim al-Jaafari headed to Geneva to represent Iraq in the disarmament conference (CD).
Aga Khan III also had the privilege to represent India at the Disarmament Conference and in the League of Nations.
The Iranian president made the proposal in his address to the UN Disarmament Conference in New York on September 25.
Rouhani spoke at a UN nuclear disarmament conference and said that he believed a deal could be struck with the international community on Iran's controversial nuclear drive within three to six months.
He was speaking at a UN nuclear disarmament conference ahead of a landmark meeting between foreign ministers from Iran and Western nations, according to AFP.