The SAO non-linear optimization has the capability to adjust continuous and

discrete variables to define a complex system.

The final set of chi-square tests of independence evaluated the relationship between animal cruelty and each

discrete variable of parental abuse.

The first version uses

discrete variables, while the second version uses continuous variables.

These variables can be divided into two categories as continuous variables and

discrete variables. Actually, in practical engineering applications,

discrete variables are used commonly as design or optimization variables, cross-sectional areas of the structural members, for instance.

The purpose of a Parametrized Correlation Method is to determine a relationship between two sets of stochastic

discrete variables. In statistics, the "correlation" concept has a very specific meaning.

The dependent variable of the ordered probit model is a

discrete variable and only contains three values (-1,0,1).

Equation (3) shows the impedance analysis cupping to ensure system stability as Re (1/Zc1) and admittance Y * as a

discrete variable [3].

The random variables are considered to be continuous but the

discrete variable case could be treated similarly.

Cavicchi in [1], its result being presented in theorem 1 from Section 2 in continuous variable case and in theorem 2 from Section 3 in

discrete variable case.

Comparison with IABC with DE, G3-GA [10] and MABC for Reconfigurable Antenna-array Design with

Discrete VariableSo, the time can also be a

discrete variable, and the state space can also be discrete.

where E is the shift operator of the

discrete variable n, defined by [E.sup.k] f(n) = f(n + k), k [member of] Z; t and y are continuous variables, [a.sub.1], [a.sub.-1], [b.sub.-1], [[alpha].sub.1], [[alpha].sub.2], [[beta].sub.1], and [[beta].sub.2] are functions of t and y.