disinfectant

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Related to Disinfectants: Antiseptics

disinfectant,

agent that destroys disease-causing microorganisms and their spores. Disinfectants, or germicides, are sometimes considered to be substances applied to inanimate bodies, whereas antisepticsantiseptic,
agent that kills or inhibits the growth of microorganisms on the external surfaces of the body. Antiseptics should generally be distinguished from drugs such as antibiotics that destroy microorganisms internally, and from disinfectants, which destroy microorganisms
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, not so potent, are agents that kill microbes on living things. Mercuric chloride, carbolic acid (phenol), and chlorinated lime and other chlorine releasing compounds are disinfectants used on contaminated objects. Formaldehyde and some other disinfectants suitable for use in sprays are also used as deodorants and as airborne disinfectants, or fumigants, in large enclosed spaces. Certain substances such as mercury toluene sulfonanilide are used for disinfecting seeds to protect against soilborne plant diseases. Some disinfectants, especially chlorine and chlorine compounds, are also used as preservatives for leather and other materials. In weaker solutions some disinfecting chemicals may be used on the skin. Disinfection of contaminated objects can also be accomplished by boiling, where appropriate.

disinfectant

[‚dis·ən′fek·tənt]
(materials)
A chemical agent that destroys microorganisms but not bacterial spores.

disinfectant

an agent that destroys or inhibits the activity of microorganisms that cause disease
References in periodicals archive ?
According to the company, DC&R Disinfectant is a unique vapor phase disinfectant with a neutral pH, and is non-corrosive.
5%Phenol was taken as standard disinfectant to which other disinfectants are compared and normal saline was used as negative control.
Method validation is a critical step to verify that the testing method allows adequate recovery of the challenge organisms in the presence of the disinfectants.
SWR: And you will be starting to use the disinfectant in South Florida--correct?
Although the risk for disease transmission from environmental surfaces is low, we still need to lower it as much as possible through the use of disinfectants or barriers, There are two types of environmental surfaces in the dental office: housekeeping surfaces and clinical contact surfaces.
DISINFECTANT & ANTIMICROBIAL CHEMICAL DEMAND (million dollars) % Annual Growth Item 1999 2004 2009 04/99 09/04 Disinfectants & Antimicrobials 607 730 930 3.
The researchers tracked episodes of worker illness and injury related to five classes of disinfectants: halogens including hypochlorites (bleach and its relatives), quaternary ammonium compounds (hard-surface cleaners that impede bacterial growth at high dilution), phenolic agents (including coal tar disinfectants such as Lysol), products containing pine oils (added more for their "clean" scent than their cleansing properties), and "unspecified" agents (where the identity of the specific disinfectant was not determined).
Mycobacteria are very resistant to the disinfectants used in water treatment, including chlorine and ozone (27).
At present there is no requirement for disinfectants to be approved for use in the UK and the onus is on suppliers to provide assurance of the efficacy of the product to the end user.
Meanwhile, according to Jarvis, the role of disinfectants in preventing the spread of hospital infections has become "increasingly important.
Use household disinfectants at the maximum recommended concentrations.
Oxidative disinfectants are used exclusively in potable water.