Disinfestation


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Disinfestation

 

(Russian dezinvaziia, from dez- and Latin invasio, attack), destruction in the external environment of embryonic elements (eggs and larvae of helminths and oocysts of coccidia, for example) of the causative agents of parasitic diseases of humans, animals, and plants. Among the means used to accomplish this are the mechanical (tidying up, cleaning, and washing premises and replowing the land), physical (fire, dry heat, steam, sunlight, and ultraviolet radiation), chemical (wood naphtha, iodine monochloride, carbathione, and caustic soda), and biological. To determine the effectiveness of disinfestation, test samples (scrapings) are taken from various sections of the object, embryonic elements are isolated from them by appropriate methods, and the viability of the elements is determined by culturing in an incubator, by microscopy, or by biological testing.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Shennan C Muramoto J Koike S Anaerobic soil disinfestation is an alternative to soil fumigation for control of some soilborne pathogens in strawberry production Plant Pathol 2017 https://doi.org/10.1111/ppa.1272110.1111/ppa.12721
Xu Y Goodhue RE Chalfant JA Economic viability of steam as an alternative to preplant soil fumigation in California strawberry production Hortscience 2017 523 4017 https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI11486-1610.21273/HORTSCI11486-16 Fennimore SA Goodhue RE Soil disinfestation with steam: A review of economics, engineering, and soil pest control in California strawberry Int J Fruit Sci 2016 2https://doi.org/10.1080/15538362.2016.119531210.1080/15538362.2016.1195312
In preparation for anaerobic soil disinfestation, rice bran is applied to the planting field.
Anaerobic soil disinfestation was very effective in suppressing Verticillium dahliae in soils, and it resulted in 85% to 100% of the marketable fruit yield observed with fumigated controls in coastal California strawberries.