Distilling Apparatus

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Distilling Apparatus

 

a device that is designed for separating liquid mixtures into fractions of different compositions by means of simple distillation. The mixture is brought to a boil in a distillation vat, or still, and the vapors are drawn off to a cooler-condenser. Distilling apparatus are used in the food industry for producing essential oils, aromatic alcohols, and cognac alcohols; they are also used in petroleum refining and wood chemistry. Rectification columns are used for more complete separation of homogeneous liquid mixtures into constituents.

REFERENCES

Anoshin, I. M. Teoreticheskie osnovy massoobmennykh protsessov pishchevykh proizvodstv. Moscow, 1970.
Kasatkin, A. G. Osnovnye protsessy i apparaty khimicheskoi tekhnologii, 9th ed. Moscow, 1973.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
They also heated a distilling apparatus, which, by evaporation, furnished excellent drinkable water.
On the other side of the house, old Roger Chillingworth arranged his study and laboratory: not such as a modern man of science would reckon even tolerably complete, but provided with a distilling apparatus and the means of compounding drugs and chemicals, which the practised alchemist knew well how to turn to purpose.
There was a distilling apparatus in full operation.
The police also arrested drug-peddlers and recovered 98kg of hashish, 2.5kg of opium, 2189 litres of liquor and distilling apparatus from them.
In addition to this the police have also smashed 7 working stills and have seized a quantity of raw liquor and distilling apparatus from their possession during the last month.
George Washington Carver's laboratory set up of equipment he used to do his experiments which includes a: distilling apparatus, crucible holder, microscope, crucibles, reagent bottles, ring stand, steam heater, burner, peanut apothecary, grain scale, mortar and pestle, and a centrifuge.
The extraction solvents; n-pentane and diethyl ether were purchased from Fisher Scientific (Waltham, MA., USA) and were redistilled using a wire spiral packed double distilling apparatus (Normschliff Geratebau, Wertheim, Germany) before use.
On the Chrysolite, which made voyages to Lyttelton in 1861 and 1863, there was a large Normandy fresh water distilling apparatus which could produce 500 gallons of fresh water from the sea every 24 hours.
Ahoada blacksmiths turned copper sheeting bought from a local factory into functioning distilling apparatus. (39) Distillers of Ikot Ekpene and Itu Divisions bought their large supplies of copper tubing at Aba.
The Type 2702 Angle Seat Control Valve provides a durable solution for food and beverage or textile applications required in heat exchangers, autoclaves, sterilizers and washers, distilling apparatus, and packaging and filling machinery.
The police recovered 100 litres of liquor and the distilling apparatus from him.