Diterikhs, Mikhail

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Diterikhs, Mikhail Konstantinovich


Born Apr. 5 (17), 1874, in St. Petersburg; died Oct. 9, 1937, in Shanghai. One of the leaders of the counterrevolution in Siberia and the Far East; lieutenant general (1919). Son of an officer.

Diterikhs graduated from the Corps of Pages (1894) and the Academy of the General Staff (1900). During World War I (1914-18), in September 1917 he became quartermaster general of General Headquarters of Supreme Commander A. F. Kerensky; on November 3 (16) he became chief of staff of General Headquarters under N. N. Dukhonin. On Nov. 8 (21), 1917, he fled to the Ukraine and soon became chief of staff of the Czechoslovak Corps; he was one of the organizers of the uprising staged by the Corps in May 1918. In July-August 1919 he commanded Kolchak’s Siberian Army; in August-September 1919 he was chief of staff and war minister; in October-November he was commander of the Eastern Front. In 1922 he was elected “sole ruler and commander of the zemstvo host” by the so-called Zemstvo Assembly with the support of the Japanese interventionists and declared a crusade against Soviet Russia for the restoration of the monarchy. After the defeat of the White Guards in the Far East he fled to Shanghai.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.