carbamazepine

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carbamazepine

[‚kär·bə′maz·ə‚pēn]
(pharmacology)
C15H12N2O An anticonvulsant that is used in the treatment of epilepsy, and is also useful in the treatment of periods of mania associated with bipolar depression.
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Those with some--but less robustly demonstrated--antidepressant action include lithium, divalproex, and carbarn azepine.
In a double-blind trial, DelBello et al (11) randomly assigned 50 patients age 12 to 18 with a bipolar I manic or mixed episode to quetiapine, 400 to 600 mg/d, or divalproex, serum level 80 to 120 [micro]g/mL, for 28 days.
Three small placebo-controlled studies evaluated the use of divalproex in the acute treatment of bipolar depression.
He conducted a chart review of 29 consecutive patients with Alzheimer's disease (mean age 77 years) who received divalproex, in addition to their usual therapy for aggression/agitation, irritability aberrant motor behavior, disinhibition, and other behavioral disturbances.
9% Increase sertraline to 200 mg each morning 5% Increase divalproex ER to 2,000 mg each evening 1% Add a second antidepressant 7% Add an atypical antipsychotic 78% Add 25 mcg of liothyronine * Data obtained via CurrentPsychiatry.com, February 2009 Note: Table made from pie chart.
Verapamil also can be combined with either lithium or divalproex.
For example, both divalproex and lamotrigine have demonstrated efficacy in treating bipolar disorder; however, divalproex may be more effective treatment for manic episodes, whereas lamotrigine may be more effective treatment for depressive episodes and maintenance.
250 mg Zonisamide Tablet 100 mg Carbamazepine Tablet 300 mg Divalproex Sodium Tablet 1000 mg Eslicarbazepine Tablet 400 mg Magnesium Valproate Capsule 200 mg Levetiracetam Tablet 100 mg Pyridostigmine Bromide Tablet 30 mg Pyridostigmine Bromide Tablet 90 mg Pramipexole Tablet 1 mg Primidone Tablet 50 mg Primidone Tablet 250 mg Sodium Valproate Tablet 300 mg Zonisamide Tablet 50 mg Zonisamide Tablet 25 mg Zonisamide Tablet 75 mg Clofazimine Capsule LP 50 mg, etc.
According to the authors, there was insufficient evidence to determine the impact of divalproex, onabotulinumtoxinA, amitriptyline, nimodipine, or flunarizine versus placebo on headache frequency.
Recarbrio use should also be avoided for patients taking valproic acid or divalproex sodium.
A on divalproex sodium, 250 mg 2 times a day, which is eventually titrated to 250 mg every morning with an additional daily 750 mg (total daily dose of 1,000 mg) for mood stabilization.
Studies on efficacy of divalproex compared to lithium and placebo in acute manic episodes in children have shown mixed results [14, 15].