Iran: see DezfulDezful
, city (1991 pop. 181,309), Khuzestan prov., SW Iran, on the Dez River, near the site of ancient Susa. It is the trade center for an irrigated farm region. Petroleum is produced nearby.
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The area around Dizful was known for its grain cultivation, and sugar cane had traditionally been grown in the area as well, but otherwise the region's intrinsic economic value was limited before the discovery of oil at the turn of the twentieth century.
Among the region's semi-nomadic peoples were the Banu Ka'b around Dowraq (modern Shadigan) in the south, the Al Nasar in the northern area around Shushtar and Dizful, and the Muntafiq in the Jazira across the Shatt al-'Arab.
Commanding the tribe between 997/1589 and 1007/1616, Sayyid Mubarak in the first five years of his rule managed to seize Dawraq, Dizful, and Shushtar, all nominally under Safavid rule, and to expand his realm westward by invading and occupying the Jaza'ir, the marshes north of Basra.