Dizzy Gillespie

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Gillespie, Dizzy

(John Birks Gillespie) (gəlĕs`pē), 1917–93, American jazz musician and composer, b. Cheraw, S.C. He began to play the trumpet at 15 and later studied harmony and theory at Laurinburg Institute, N.C. He played with the bands of Cab Calloway and Billy Eckstine. Gillespie and Charlie "Bird" ParkerParker, Charlie "Bird"
(Charles Christopher Parker, Jr.), 1920–55, American musician and composer, b. Kansas City, Kans. He began playing alto saxophone in 1933 and, shifting from one band to another, eventually met Dizzy Gillespie in New York City.
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 are considered the leaders of the bop (or bebop) movement in modern jazzjazz,
the most significant form of musical expression of African-American culture and arguably the most outstanding contribution the United States has made to the art of music. Origins of Jazz

Jazz developed in the latter part of the 19th cent.
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. Gillespie's playing was characterized by intelligent musicianship and technical facility.


See his autobiography, To Be or Not to Bop (1979); biographies by M. James (1961), B. McRae (1988), and A. Shipton (1999).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Since the concert took place in the shadow of Dizzy Gillespie, Faddis called "A Night In Tunisia" as the closer and invited two of his students to sit in with the group.
Dizzy Gillespie's difficult childhood took a turn for the better the day his music teacher handed him a trumpet.
Information about Sadie Oglesby, Alain Locke, Dorothy Champ, Coralie Franklin Cook and George William Cooke, Dizzy Gillespie, Elsie Austin, Louis Turner, and Robert Turner is presented along with many other pioneers of the Black Baha'i movement in North America.
Altos de Chavon is home to a 5,000-seat Grecian-style amphitheater that has hosted Dizzy Gillespie and Gloria Estefan, among others.
Duchrow served as director of cultural arts at Northern Illinois University from 1985 to 1998, where he helped establish an annual fine arts performing series that featured such artists as Dizzy Gillespie, Wynton Marsalis, Dave Brubeck, Los Lobos and B.B.
The bass player performed with such greats as DIZZY GILLESPIE, DUKE ELLINGTON, ELLA FITZGERALD, played country fiddle on THE BEATLES' White Album and acted as a musicians' agent.
Until these covert ties were exposed in 1967 by the muckraking lefty magazine Ramparts, the CIA served as what the foreign policy eminence George Kennan--the author of the "containment" strategy and co-architect of the Marshall Plan, yet a longtime critic of Cold War excesses--once called an unofficial "Ministry of Culture." It sent Jackson Pollock to Berlin and Dizzy Gillespie to the Middle East, funded dozens of U.S.
Dizzy Gillespie's Closer To The Source (COL-CD-6738, $12.97) features special guest performers Marcus Miller, Stevie Wonder, and Branford Marsalis along with seven notable selections that include Could It Be You; Iced Tea; and Textures.
Back then, Montreal regularly hosted performers such as Jerry Lewis and Dean Martin, Duke Ellington and Dizzy Gillespie in hot spots like Chez Paree and Rockhead's Paradise.
She wrote for and arranged music for such legends as Duke Ellington and Benny Goodman, was a friend, mentor and teacher to Theolonious Monk, Charlie Parker, and Dizzy Gillespie. Strongly recommended for 20th Century American Music History and Black Studies reading lists and reference collections, Soul On Soul is a fitting and superbly presented biography that provides a long neglected respect to one of the truly important and influential women in the evolution of jazz.