Dmitri Shostakovich

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Shostakovich, Dmitri

(dyĭmē`trē shŏstŏkô`vĭch), 1906–75, Russian composer, b. St. Petersburg. Shostakovich studied at the Leningrad Conservatory (1919–25). The early success of his First Symphony (1925) was confirmed by positive public reaction to two satirical works of 1930—an opera, The Nose (Leningrad; from a tale by GogolGogol, Nikolai Vasilyevich
, 1809–52, Russian short-story writer, novelist, and playwright, sometimes considered the father of Russian realism. Of Ukrainian origin, he first won literary success with fanciful and romantic tales of his native Ukraine in
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), and a ballet, The Golden Age. Shostakovich sought Soviet approval and survived the changing tides of opinion. Severely castigated after Stalin saw a 1936 production of his popular opera Lady Macbeth of the Mzensk District (1934), he was restored to favor with his powerful, traditional, yet ironic Fifth Symphony (1937). From then on he concentrated on symphonic compositions, with later, post-Stalin symphonies tending to deconstruct the traditional Beethoven model (in all, he wrote 15 symphonies) and, during the World War II, on heroic cantatas. Influenced by MahlerMahler, Gustav
, 1860–1911, composer and conductor, born in Austrian Bohemia of Jewish parentage. Mahler studied at the Univ. of Vienna and the Vienna Conservatory.
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 in his monumental symphonies, many of which include choral portions, Shostakovich was basically a Russian nationalist composer whose work represented traditional classical forms and generally remained accessibly tonal. Nonethless, his tart harmonics and musical portrayal of pain and turmoil are distinctly 20th cent. in tone. His outstanding works include 15 string quartets, a piano concerto (1933), the Piano Quintet (1940), the Eighth Symphony (1943), 24 Preludes and Fugues for Piano (1951), and the 13th Symphony, "Babi Yar" (1962).


See Testimony: The Memoirs of Dmitri Shostakovich as Related to and Edited by Solomon Volkov (1979, repr. 2000); biographies by V. I. Seroff and N. K. Shohat (1970), E. Wilson (1994), and L. E. Fay (1999); study by N. F. Kay (1971); I. MacDonald, The New Shostakovich (1990); A. B. Ho and D. Feofanov, Shostakovich Reconsidered (1998); M. H. Brown, ed., A Shostakovich Casebook (2004); L. E. Fay, ed., Shostakovich and His World (2004); S. Moshevich, Dmitri Shostakovich, Pianist (2004); S. Volkov, Shostakovich and Stalin (2004); W. Lesser, Music for Silenced Voices: Shostakovich and The Fifteen Quartets (2011).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Shostakovich's manuscripts for the Eighth Symphony are preserved in three archives in Moscow--the Russian State Archive of Literature and Art (RGALI), the Glinka Museum of Musical Culture, and the Dmitri Shostakovich Archive.
Googling a runner Shostakovich 4.45 Bath Dmitri Shostakovich was a Russian composer and one of the most celebrated composers of the 20th century.
Since time immemorial, I have been a devoted admirer of the composer Dmitri Shostakovich. During my youth, he was the Great Modernist, Innovator, and Experimenter, while also being the arch sinner and heretic, the Soviet Debussy, and, for my generation, the Soviet Janacek or Cikker.
An audience of over 250 people at the House of Blackheads gave a standing ovation to the Turkish duo who played pieces by Robert de Visee, Joseph Kosma, Dmitri Shostakovich and Ariel Ramirez as well as Turkish folk tunes.
VASILY PETRENKO and the RLPO have done it again, with another fine disc of symphonies of Dmitri Shostakovich.
The middle offering was Concerto (music Dmitri Shostakovich; choreography Kenneth MacMillan) which is a more stylised short ballet with stark sets to show off the dancers' technical skills.
In 1975, I wrote The Music of Dmitri Shostakovich: The
Dmitri Shostakovich completed his Violin Concerto No.
It also features two arrangements by violist Yuri Tkanov of celebrated works by Alfred Schnittke and Dmitri Shostakovich. Carl Fischer will represent this catalog throughout the world, outside of Russia and other countries of the former USSR.
Derek Hulme's Dmitri Shostakovich: A Catalogue, Bibliography and Discography (Lanham, ML: Scarecrow Press, 2002) is, as Riley generously acknowledges, an indispensable resource, giving us near-complete listings of film recordings on video, DVD, LP, and CD.
After the Revolution, while some Jewish composers wrote both secular and Jewish music, music using specifically Jewish subjects became less common, and it was not until Dmitri Shostakovich (1906-1975) became interested in Jewish matters that Jewish subjects and themes were again heard.