Biriukov, Dmitrii Andreevich
Born Aug. 19 (Sept. 1), 1904, in Novocherkassk; died Jan. 8, 1969, in Leningrad. Soviet physiologist, academician at the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR (1962); corresponding member (1950).
Biriukov graduated from Rostov-on-Don University (1927). Working under the guidance of I. P. Pavlov, he studied the physiological principles of higher nervous activity. From 1935 he was head of the department of physiology of the higher educational institutions of Rostov-on-Don, Voronezh, Moscow, and Leningrad. He was director of Voronezh Medical Institute from 1944 to 1949 and director of the Institute of Experimental Medicine of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR from 1950. In 1935 he discovered a number of characteristics of unconditioned reflex salivation in humans. He conducted research which was oriented toward ecology on evolutionary physiology and comparative physiology and pathology of higher nervous activity. From 1950 he was editor-in-chief of the I. M. Sechenov Physiological Journal of the USSR. He was awarded the Order of Lenin, three other orders, and medals.
WORKSBezuslovnye sliunnye refleksy cheloveka. Rostov-on-Don, 1935.
Materialy k voprosu o reflektornoi reguliatsii serdechno-sosudistoi sistemy. Voronezh, 1946.
Ekologicheskaia fiziologiia nervnoi deiatel’nosti (Nekotorye voprosy biologicheskikh osnov teorii meditsiny). Leningrad, 1960.