Grave, Dmitrii Aleksandrovich
Born Aug. 25 (Sept. 6), 1863, in Kirillov, now in Vologda Oblast; died Dec. 19, 1939, in Kiev. Soviet mathematician. Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR (1919) and honorary member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1929).
Grave graduated from the University of St. Petersburg in 1885. He was a professor at the University of Kharkov (1897) and the University of Kiev (1899). Grave was the founder of the first major native (in Kiev) school of algebra. All his work is linked with the ideas of the St. Petersburg school of mathematics. Grave solved the problem of evaluating all the integrals of the system of differential equations of the three-body problem that do not depend upon the law of the operation forces. He also gave a solution for problems of cartographic projection and found some classes of fifth-degree equations solvable by radicals. Grave also worked in the field of applied mathematics and mechanics. His students included B. N. Delone, N. G. Chebotarev, and O. Iu. Shmidt. Grave was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor.
REFERENCESSbornik, posviashchennyi pamiati akad. Dmitriia Aleksandrovicha Grave. Moscow-Leningrad. 1940.
Iushkevich, A. P. Istoriia matematiki ν Rossii do 1917 goda. Moscow, 1968.
Dobrovol’skii, V. A. Dmitrii Aleksandrovich Grave. Moscow, 1968. (Grave’s works and literature about him, pp. 100–11.)