Dmitrii Shemiaka

Dmitrii Shemiaka

 

Born 1420; died 1453. Prince of Galich-Kostroma in Galicia. Son of Prince lurii Dmitrievich; grandson of Dmitrii Ivanovich Donskoi.

Beginning in 1436 he led the opposition of appanage princes and boyars to the centralizing policy of the grand prince of Moscow. In 1446, having captured and blinded Vasilii II Vasil’evich, he assumed the throne of the grand prince. But he was soon forced to relinquish it, since he did not receive the support of the military service class in Moscow. Later he tried unsuccessfully to fight Vasilii II. He died in Novgorod (poisoned, according to some sources).

References in periodicals archive ?
Later, Sergii would be celebrated as a helpmeet in resistance to the Church Union of Florence-Ferrara (1439) and a guarantor of Vasilii II's crucial alliance with Tver' against his cousin and rival Dmitrii Shemiaka. Trinity's becoming a national shrine was further facilitated by icons--most notably Bogomaters (the Virgin, usually with Child), Andrei Rublev's celebrated Old Testament Trinity, and likenesses of Sergii.
It first passed into Tatar hands sometime between 1445 and 1452, probably as a reward for the assistance given by Khan Ulu-Muhammad of Kazan and his sons Kasim and Iakub to Vasilii II of Moscow during Vasilii's conflict with his cousin Dmitrii Shemiaka. For the next century, although the Russian grand prince appointed Kasimov's rulers and demanded that they muster with their cavalry as auxiliaries in his campaigns, the Juchid prince of the moment maintained a separate existence, living off his lands and according to his own religion and customs.