Dmowski, Roman

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Dmowski, Roman

 

Born Aug. 9, 1864, in Kamionka, near Warsaw; died Jan. 2, 1939, in the village of Drozdowo, near Lomza. Polish political figure.

In 1893, along with other figures in the bourgeois-nationalist movement, Dmowski organized the Liga Narodowa, which was reorganized in 1897 into the National Democratic Party. Initially Dmowski propounded the consolidation of national forces and opposed the Russification policy of tsarism. As the Polish revolutionary workers’ movement developed, Dmowski began to oppose the proletariat increasingly vigorously. In 1905-07 he called for the suppression of the revolution and proposed cooperation with tsarism. During World War I he sided with the Entente. He headed the Polish National Committee, created on Nov. 25, 1914, in St. Petersburg, and later the committee of the same name that was created in Paris in 1917. In 1919 he was the Polish delegate to the Paris Peace Conference. Dmowski founded the Camp of Great Poland (1926-33), a profascist political group.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.