Dniprohes (dənyĭprōˈhās) [Ukr. abbr.,=Dnieper hydroelectric station], Rus. Dneproges, a hydroelectric station, central Ukraine, on the Dnieper River near Zaporizhzhya. The hydroelectric station supplies power for the industrial centers of Dnipro (Dnipropetrovsk), Kryvyy Rih, and Zaporizhzhya. More than 1-2 mi (.8 km) long and 200 ft (61 m) high, the dam raised the level of the Dnieper 123 ft (37 m). With the completion of the dam and the flooding of the rapids above it, the entire Dnieper became navigable. The dam, at first called Dniprostroy (Rus. Dneprostoi), was built between 1927 and 1932 and was considered the magnificent achievement of the Stalin era. The dam and plant were partially destroyed by retreating Soviet troops during the German invasion of 1941 and then completely destroyed by the Germans as they withdrew in 1943. They were rebuilt between 1944 and 1949.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(full name, V. I. Lenin Dneproges), a hydroelectric power plant on the Dnieper River, near the city of Zaporozh’e, below the Dnieper Rapids. Dneproges was built according to the plan of GOELRO (State Commission for the Electrification of Russia) and has an installed capacity of 650 megawatts (MW), with an average annual power output of 3.64 billion kilowatt-hours.

Construction of Dneproges was begun in 1927, the first unit was put into operation in May 1932, and the inauguration was held on Oct. 10, 1932. Dneproges reached its design capacity of 560 MW in 1939. The hydrosystem consists of a hydroelectric power plant building, 236 m long and 70 m wide, located on the right bank, with a machine room containing nine 72-MW vertical hydrogenerating units; a 216-m-long sluice wall; a curved overflow weir 760 m long at the crest with a maximum construction depth of 60 m; and a nonover-flow dam 251 m long at the crest. The navigation structures on the left bank consist of an outer harbor in the headwater, a triple-lift lock, and a downstream approach canal. The hydroelectric power plant is automated and equipped with remote controls, telemetering, and telesignalization of the basic equipment. The pressure front, which has a total length of 1,200 m, forms the Dnieper Reservoir.

Dneproges was constructed with great labor enthusiasm. The plant served as a school for Soviet hydraulic power engineers. The creation of the Zaporozh’e industrial complex was based on the inexpensive electric energy provided by Dneproges. The Dnieper rapids were submerged to provide continuous navigation along the Dnieper River.

Dneproges was destroyed during the Great Patriotic War. Reconstruction was begun in 1944, and Dneproges was put into operation in 1950, with a capacity 16 percent greater than that of the prewar station. Dneproges is part of the Integrated Power Grid of the European part of the USSR and supplies electric power to the Dnieper region, the Donbas, and Krivoi Rog. Expansion of the hydrosystem was begun in 1969 with the construction of the 828-MW capacity Dneproges II hydroelectric power plant, which, together with a navigation lock, is scheduled for completion in 1975. Dneproges was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor in 1939.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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As recently as 1929, when Eisenstein's rival Dziga Vertov had made The Man with aMovie Camera [Chelovek s kinoapparatom], a semi-documentary feature film that shows a day in the life of a city, he did not feel constrained to film a single city but combined footage taken in Moscow, Kiev, Odessa, and even the industrial sites of Donbass and Dneproges; in this film, once again, monumental Moscow is represented by the Bolshoi rather than by the Kremlin or any other government centre.