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Related to Dnestr: Nistru, Dniester River


Dniester (nēˈstər), Ukr. Dnister, Moldovan Nistru, Rus. Dnestr, Rom. Nistrul, Turk. Turla, river, c.850 mi (1,370 km) long, forming part of the border between Ukraine and Moldova. It rises in the Carpathian Mts., flows generally SE through SW Ukraine past Halych, Khotin, and Mohyliv-Podilskyy, through Moldova past Tighina and Tiraspol, and empties through an estuary into the Black Sea SW of Odessa. It is navigable below Halych; its tributaries include the Sereth and the Stryy. The Dniester formed the Romanian-Soviet border from 1918 to 1940, when the USSR regained Bessarabia.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a river in the Ukrainian SSR and the Moldavian SSR, part of which flows along the border between the two republics. Length, 1,352 km; basin area, 72,100 sq km.

The Dnestr rises on the northern slopes of the Carpathians at an altitude of about 900 m and empties into the Dnestr estuary of the Black Sea. In its upper course (as far as the city of Galich) it flows through a deep, narrow valley, and is a typical fast mountain river (rate of flow, 2-2.5 m per sec). The Dnestr receives many tributaries in its upper reaches, primarily from the right. The biggest of these is the Stryi, and all of them rise on the slopes of the Carpathians. Below the city of Galich, the Dnestr is calmer, but its valley remains narrow and deep. In the middle course of the river all of its tributaries come from the left: the Zolotaia Lipa, Strypa, Seret, Zbruch, Smotrich, and Murafa.

Below Mogilev-Podol’skii the valley widens a little, narrowing only when the spurs of the Podol’e Upland approach the river. There are small rapids in the river’s course. The Dubossar Hydroelectric Power Plant was built in 1954 near the city of Dubossar, forming the Dubossar Reservoir. Below the city of Tiraspol’ the river flows through the Black Sea lowlands, and its valley widens to between 8 and 16 km. The Reut, Byk, and Botna empty into the Dnestr from the left in its lower reaches.

The Dnestr is fed by snow and rain. Torrential summer rains often make the water level of the Dnestr rise suddenly, frequently causing floods. The average annual discharge is 8.7 cu km. The rate of flow, which is about 310 cu m per sec near the city of Bendery, has a maximum of about 2,500 cu m per sec and a minimum of 14.7 cu m per sec. The ice on the Dnestr often turns to ice floes, and during warm winters the river does not freeze at all. There is regular navigation from Soroki to Dubossar and from Dubossar to the mouth of the river. The main ports on the Dnestr are Mogilev-Podol’skii, Soroki, Bendery, and Tiraspol’.


Shtykh, V. A., and I. N. Pilat. Po Dnestru: Putevoditel’. Uzhgorod, 1969.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
But how many people remember that a decade ago Moldova declared itself a republic, and that this pronouncement triggered fighting in the south of the country where "Slays on the east bank of the Nistru River proclaimed the 'Dnestr Moldavan Republic' in Transnistria, with its capital at Tiraspol" (p.
Moldova boycotted the 1991 union referendum and denied the referendum held by secessionists in the Dnestr region.
During the anti-Gorbachev coup, which was denounced by Snegur but supported by the regions of Dnestr and Gagauz, there were large prodemocracy demonstrations.
Moldova boycotted the March 1991 union referendum and denied the referendum by secessionists in the Dnestr region held in the same year.
As people in Moscow are treated to nightly scenes on television of destruction in South Ossetia and tours of city morgues on the Dnestr, the imperialist arguments to ignore the borders between Russia and the republics become more and more popular.
While Foreign Minister Kozyrev, along with Ukralnian and Romanian delegations, has been negotiating with the Moldovan leaders to find a settlement to the conflict, Rutskoi has been beating a drum for the Dnestr separatists.
Other examples of the budding Russian irredentism have been the independent Trans-Dnestr [Russian] Republic along the eastern banks of Dnestr River in the former Moldovan SSR, the failed attempt of local Russians to rejoin the northern parts of Kazakstan to Russia, and the pro-Russian proletarian resistance to Ukrainian authorities in the Donbass industrial region.
The area of the Republic of Moldova situated between the Prut and Dnestr rivers was a part of the Kingdom of Romania between the two world wars.
By the end of the month, Red Army troops had crossed the Dnestr river into Bessarabia.