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, city, Ukraine

Dnipro (dənyĭprōˈ), formerly Dnipropetrovsk (dənyĭpˌrōpĕtrôfskˈ), Rus. Dnepropetrovsk, city, capital of Dnipropetrovsk region, central Ukraine, on the Dnieper River. A hub of rail and water transportation, it is a major industrial center with a huge iron and steel industry based on iron ore from the nearby Kryviy Rih mines and coal from the Donets Basin. The city also has plants producing heavy machinery, chemicals, rolling stock, and food products. Among its cultural institutions are art, historical, and zoological museums.

Founded in 1787 by Potemkin on the site of a Zaporozhian Cossack village, it was named Katerynoslav (Rus. Yekaterinoslav) for Catherine II. It was called Novorossiysk from 1791 to 1802 and Katerynoslav until 1926, when it was renamed Dnipropetrovsk after the Dnieper River and the Ukrainian Soviet leader Hryhoriy (or Grigory) I. Petrovsky. The population greatly increased after the completion (1932) of the Dniprohes dam and power station. The city was occupied (1941–43) by German forces during World War II. In 2016 it was renamed Dnipro.

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Dnieper), a monthly Ukrainian literary and sociopolitical magazine; organ of the Central Committee of the Ukrainian Lenin Komsomol since 1927. It first appeared under the name Molodniak (1927-37) and later Molodoi bolshevik (1937-41). Publication of the magazine was discontinued for a three-year period but was resumed in 1944 under the name Dnipro. The magazine contains primarily works by young writers. Its circulation in 1971 was 63,000.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The mayor of Dnipro Boris Filatov said that such a decision of the city authorities is a kind of a gift to the Azerbaijanis living in the city.
GREAT SUPPORT Children fly the flag for Dnipro at game
Their full name is Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk, but you probably knew that.
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Benitez's reward is likely to be a move to Real Madrid so surely Dnipro's gaffer should have been on the shortlist for the Bernabeu hotseat?
When Dnipro captain Ruslan Rotan curled home a precise freekick to make it 2-2 just before the beak it looked like the Ukrainians, who were playing in their first European final, might go on to cause a stunning upset.
Dnipro had their best period in the final 10 minutes and the scoring opportunities converted into a goal in the 82nd minute when Rotan's pass found Eugene Shakhov who sent the ball into the top corner of Brugge's net.
The pacy, two-footed left winger scored four goals in his seven Europa League appearances for Dnipro this season, and helped them reach the Champions League qualifiers for next term.
But it appeared to act as a wakeup call to his former team-mates and, once Dnipro had been reduced to 10 men there was only ever one likely winner.
Tottenham manager Tim Sherwood has backed his under-fire striker to get back into the groove starting with the second leg against Dnipro, where Tottenham must score to advance.
But Spurs directors will reaffirm their own interest in the player to Dnipro officials, and believe they can tempt Konoplyanka to White Hart Lane.
SPURS fans have been warned to be vigilant travelling to their Europa League clash at Dnipro tonight.