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Doberman pinscher (dōˈbərmən pĭnˈshər)
, breed of large, compact working dog
originating in Germany c.1890. It stands from 24 to 28 in. (61–71 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs from 60 to 75 lb (27–34 kg). Its short, smooth, close-lying coat may be black, brown, or blue in color with rust red markings above the eyes and on the muzzle, chest, legs, and vent. The Doberman was named for Louis Dobermann of Apolda, Germany, who developed the breed by crossing native German sheepherding-dog stock with the Rottweiler, Manchester terrier, and the old German pinscher. The Doberman was first used as a guard dog and pet. Later, when its great capacity for training was appreciated, it became increasingly popular as a police and war dog. See dog
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
a breed of working dog. The Doberman was bred in Germany at the end of the 19th century by L. Dobermann from traditional German short-haired pinschers crossed with German rottweilers, French sheepdogs, and German weimaraner pointers and possibly with mastiffs and German sheepdogs. Doberman pinschers were brought to Russia in 1902. The dog is large and bold and can be trained for various purposes. The male is 66-72 cm tall at the withers; the female, 60-68 cm tall. The hair is short, thick, and shiny, of a black, brown, or bluish-black color and with bright rust-colored singe-like markings. The head is wedge-shaped. The tail and ears of the pups are clipped to a specified form. Doberman pinschers are raised in many countries by dog lovers and are used in search and guard duties.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Doberman pinscher, Doberman
a fairly large slender but muscular breed of dog, originally from Germany, with a glossy black-and-tan coat, a short tail, and erect ears
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005