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Dobruja (dōˈbro͝ojə, dôˈ–), Rom. Dobrogea, Bulg. Dobrudza, historic region, c.9,000 sq mi (23,300 sq km), SE Europe, in SE Romania and NE Bulgaria, between the lower Danube River and the Black Sea. The chief cities are Constanţa, in Romania, and Dobrich and Silistra, in Bulgaria. Dobruja comprises a low coastal strip and a hilly and forested inland. Largely agricultural, the region grows cereal crops, has vineyards, and breeds Merino sheep. The largest industrial concentration is in and around Constanţa. Tourism is also economically important, particularly in the Romanian part of Dobruja. The population includes Romanians, Bulgarians, Turks, and Tatars. Dobruja's original inhabitants were conquered in the 6th cent. B.C. by the Greeks, who founded colonies along the Black Sea coast. The region passed to the Scythians in the 5th cent. B.C. and to the Romans (who made it part of Moesia) in the 1st cent. B.C. As part of the Roman Empire and later of the Byzantine, it suffered frequent invasions from the Goths, Huns, Avars, and other tribes. Part of the first Bulgarian empire (681–1018), it was reconquered by the Byzantines. In 1186 it was included in the second Bulgarian empire. Tatar raids were common in the 13th cent. In the 14th cent. the region became an autonomous state under Walachian prince Dobrotich, from whom the name Dobruja derives. Turks conquered the region in 1411, and for the next five centuries it remained a sparsely populated and barely cultivated territory of the Ottoman Empire. In 1878 the Congress of Berlin awarded N Dobruja to Romania and a strip of land later known as S Dobruja to Bulgaria. As a result of the second Balkan War Bulgaria ceded (1913) S Dobruja to Romania. The Treaty of Neuilly, signed in 1919 between Bulgaria and the Allies of World War I, gave all of Dobruja to Romania. In 1940, however, the German-imposed Treaty of Craiova forced Romania to transfer S Dobruja to Bulgaria.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



or Dobrudja (in Rumanian Dobrogea, in Bulgarian Dobrudzha), a historic region in Europe between the lower course of the Danube River and the Black Sea coast. The northern part of the region, comprising the districts of Tulcea and Constanta, is part of the Socialist Republic of Rumania; the southern part, comprising the cities Tolbukhin and Silistra, is part of the People’s Republic of Bulgaria.

Originally settled by Thracian tribes, Dobruja was occupied by the Scythians in the fifth century B.C. and the Romans in the first century A.D.. Beginning in the third century Dobruja was invaded by Goths, Huns, and other tribes. The Slavs appeared in the region in the early sixth century. The region became part of the first Bulgarian kingdom during its establishment in the seventh century. Controlled by Byzantium in the llth and 12th centuries, Dobruja became part of the second Bulgarian kingdom in the late 12th century. With the decline of this kingdom an independent feudal state arose in Dobruja in the 14th century. Founded by the Bulgarian Balik, it was named Dobruja after his successor, Dobrotich.

In the late 1520’s Dobruja was occupied by the Ottoman Empire. After the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78, South Dobruja was ceded to Bulgaria and North Dobruja to Rumania. The Treaty of Bucharest of 1913 ceded South Dobruja to Rumania; this provision remained in effect until 1940, except during the period from 1916 to 1918, when the entire region was occupied by Bulgarian and German troops. The Bulgarian-Rumanian treaty signed in Craiova on Sept. 7, 1940, returned possession of South Dobruja to Bulgaria. Peace treaties between Bulgaria and Rumania reaffirmed the Bulgarian-Rumanian border in Dobruja in 1947.


Manolov, I. Z. Dobrudzha po p”tia na sotsialisma. Sofia, 1954.
Georgiev, I. Dobrudzha v borbata za svoboda. Sofia, 1962.
Pippidi, D., and D. Berciu. Din istoria Dobrogei. Bucharest, 1965.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


a region of E Europe, between the River Danube and the Black Sea: the north passed to Romania and the south to Bulgaria after the Berlin Congress (1878)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Despite having close economic and military ties with Germany, with the outbreak of WWII Bulgaria attempted to remain neutral but it hoped for bloodless territorial gains in order to recover the territories, such as Southern Dobruja, it had lost in the Second Balkan War and WWI as well as those with a significant Bulgarian population occupied by neighboring countries.
After 1913, the Bulgarians from the Quadrilateral, most of the left side intellectuals, founded "Dobruja Society".
So that they could at least read the verses, so that they could pray." (10) Among the Turkish and Tatar elders of Dobruja, there are still individuals today who are familiar with the Arabic alphabet and can read religious texts with relative ease.
The Ottomans: 1299-1924 Ruled the Muslim world (except Iran and India), Greece, Albania, Serbia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Hungary, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Wallachia, Transylvania, Moldavia, the areas around the Black Sea including Dobruja, Bujak, Jedisan, Crimea, Caucasus, Dagestan, Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan, and the islands of Cyprus and Crete.
The Treaty also constituted Bulgaria as a tributary principality of Russia; it required a heavy financial indemnity from Turkey; it gave to Russia the right to select a port on the Black Sea; it opened up the Dardanelles and the Bosporous at all times to Russian vessels; it obtained full rights for all Christians remaining under Turkish rule; and it gave Bessarabia to Russia in exchange for the corner of Bulgaria known as Dobruja.
Yovkov grew up in the Dobruja region and, after studying in Sofia, returned there to teach.
Principal battles: Beroea (Veroia) (250); Abrittus (somewhere in the Dobruja region near the Black Sea) (251).
Associative farms are organized in plain areas with extensive lands, the highest density being in the Romanian Plain and in the South Dobruja Plateau (Iordache, 2009:15).
This area includes the Dobruja, the best area in the country for growing wheat.