Doctor of Sciences

Doctor of Sciences

 

an academic degree. Doctor’s degrees were first conferred by the University of Bologna in 1130 and by the University of Paris in 1231. Introduced into Russian universities in 1819, the degree of doctor of sciences was awarded to persons holding a master’s degree who had defended a doctoral dissertation.

In the USSR the degree of doctor of sciences has been conferred on workers in the sciences since 1934. It is awarded by the Higher Certifying Commission (VAK) upon the recommendation of a higher educational institution or a scientific research institution as a rule to persons who hold the academic degree of candidate of sciences or the academic title of professor, who have published major scholarly works, and who have defended a dissertation in public before the council of a higher educational institution or a scientific institution that has been granted the right to accept doctoral dissertations for defense. A dissertation must demonstrate independent scholarly research, contain theoretical generalizations and solutions to scientific problems, and make an important contribution to theoretical and applied science. A textbook for higher educational institutions that is an independent scholarly or methodological work may be submitted as a dissertation. Degrees of doctor of sciences are conferred in the following branches of learning: physics and mathematics, chemistry, biology, geology and mineralogy, technology, agriculture, history, economics, philosophy, philology, geography, law, pedagogy, medicine, pharmacology, veterinary medicine, military and naval sciences, art studies, architecture, and psychology. In exceptional cases the Higher Certifying Commission may waive the dissertation defense in conferring the degree on persons known for their outstanding scientific and scholarly works, discoveries, or inventions. The degree may also be awarded to those whose scientific publications as such are defended instead of a special dissertation. In 1970 there were more than 23,600 doctors of sciences in the USSR.

The doctoral degree is conferred in many countries. In the USA, Great Britain, France, and some other countries the requirements for the doctoral dissertation are equivalent to the requirements for a candidate’s dissertation and in some cases to those of the doctoral dissertation in the USSR.

M. N. VOLKOV

References in classic literature ?
Even a Master of Arts in our University of Wentbridge has been known to confuse a ten-sided with a twelve-sided Polygon; and there is hardly a Doctor of Science in or out of that famous University who could pretend to decide promptly and unhesitatingly between a twenty-sided and a twenty-four sided member of the Aristocracy.
They were both admitted to the Degree of Doctor of Sciences, Honoris Causa of Jaramogi Oginga University of Science and Technology by Chancellor Vimal Shah during the school's 6th graduation.
Doctorate in the Republic of Azerbaijan is two-fold and the following academic degrees are defined as Doctor of Philosophy with indication of science fields and Doctor of Sciences with indication of science fields.
The candidate and doctor of sciences titles won't be abolished, MP Natalia Nikitenko, who presented the amendments, said.
Also, membership is voluntary and every professor and doctor of sciences can join the club who is unanimous with the objectives set out.
In 1957 he completed his PhD study on action and perception and proceeded with the research, becoming doctor of sciences in 1966.
Paul Smith CBE, the founder and chairman of the global entertainment company Celador, will be awarded an Honorary Degree of Doctor of Sciences for services to media.
In 1974 Loit Reintam was awarded the degree of Doctor of Sciences on natural sciences (soil genesis and classification) by the Joint Council of the Siberian Branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia.
Petersburg, Russia, also awarded Speight the degree of Doctor of Sciences for extraordinary accomplishments in the field of petroleum science.
Akayev then pursued his studies to become a Doctor of Sciences at the same Institute.
"The University Senate has therefore determined that the Right Honourable Odinga is worthy of the conferment of Honorary Degree of Doctor of Sciences (Honoris Causa)," the advert said.

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