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Dōgen (dōˈgĕn), 1200–1253, Zen master (see Zen Buddhism) and founder of the Sōtō Zen school in Japan. After studying in China, he received the seal of enlightenment and succession to the Ts'ao-tung (Sōtō) school. In 1236 he established the first independent Zen temple in Japan. Sōtō Zen stresses zazen, sitting meditation, based on the Buddha's own practice. Whereas for Rinzai Zen koans are a means to enlightenment, Sōtō stresses the identity of practice and attainment. Dōgen, unlike many Zen masters, stressed practice without rejecting scripture.


See H.-J. Kim, Dōgen Kigen, Mystical Realist (1975); Y. Yokei, Zen Master Dōgen (1976); F. Cook, How to Raise an Ox (1978); C. Bielefeldt, Dōgen's Manuals of Zen Meditation (1988); G. Snyder, The Teachings of Zen Master Dogen (1992).

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They cover composite authorship in Western Zhou bronze inscriptions; the case of the "Tianw[sz]nggui inscription; authorship in the Canon of Songs (ShiJing); the compiler as the narrator: awareness of authorship, authorial presence, and author figurations in Japanese imperial anthologies with a special focus on the Kokin wakashu; fluidity of belonging and creative appropriation: authorship and translation in an Early Sinic song ("Kongmudoha Ka"); appropriating genius: Jin Shengtan's construction of textual authority and authorship in his commented edition of Shuihu Zhuan (The Water Margin Saga); and enlightened authorship: the case of Dogen Kigen. ([umlaut] Ringgold, Inc., Portland, OR)
As Japanese Buddhism continued developing in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, two profoundly important Japanese figures, Myoan Eisai [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (1141-1214) and Dogen Kigen [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (1200-1253), went to China and returned with the teachings of Chan.
(17.) Hee-Jin Kim, Dogen Kigen: Mystical Realist (Tucson: