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Doha(dō`hä), city (1994 est. pop. 361,500), capital of Qatar, SE Arabia, on the Persian Gulf. Doha was a small fishing and pearling village until oil production in Qatar began in 1949. Since then it has become a modern city, with a deepwater port and an international airport. Fishing is still an important industry. Qatar Univ. and Education City (a cluster of U.S. overseas campuses) are there, as are the Museum of Islamic Art (designed by I. M. PeiPei, I. M.
(Ieoh Ming Pei) , 1917–2019, Chinese-American architect, b. Guangzhou, China. Pei immigrated to the United States in 1935 and studied at the Univ. of Pennsylvania, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and Harvard, where he taught from 1945 to 1948.
..... Click the link for more information. ) and the National Museum of Qatar (designed by Jean NouvelNouvel, Jean
, 1945–, French architect, grad. École des Beaux-Arts, Paris (1971). He opened his own firm in 1975, and became known for innovative techniques, the use of modern materials, and for eschewing a signature style and letting the site, intended use,
..... Click the link for more information. ).
a city; capital of the state of Qatar. Population, 65,000 (1969). It is a port on the Persian Gulf, on the eastern shore of the Qatar Peninsula. It is an important trade center. The city has metalworking industry, as well as fishing and pearl diving. There are two steam power plants. Pearls, fish, and dates are exported. There is an international airport. A cement plant is located near Doha.