Dolgan

(redirected from Dolgans)
Also found in: Wikipedia.

Dolgan

 

(self-designation, Dolgan, Tya-kikhi, Sakha), a people of the Taimyr (Dolgan-Nenets) National Okrug, Krasnoiarsk Krai, RSFSR. The group numbered 4,900 in 1970. They speak the Dolgan dialect of the Yakut language. Believers were Orthodox, but ancient animistic beliefs were also preserved, especially shamanism and the religion of the hunt. The Dolgan developed as a people in the 19th and early 20th centuries out of the Evenkis and Yakuts who had migrated from the region of the Lena and Olenek rivers, as well as local Evenki, some families of Entsy, and the so-called tundra peasants. The Dolgan were nomadic reindeer herders and hunters; later they settled and joined kolkhozes (reindeer herding, hunting, fishing, fur farming, dairying, and market gardening). The old dwelling of the Dolgan, the chum, has been replaced by log houses built in the Russian style.

REFERENCE

Narody Sibiri. Moscow-Leningrad, 1956. (Bibliography on page 1010.)
References in periodicals archive ?
At least since the 19th century, Evenkis were under increased socio-cultural pressure and underwent assimilation with the Dolgans, a process which reached its end with the total assimilation of Evenki speakers after the 1950s.
In contrast to the aforementioned Nganasan-Evenki parallels which are presumably of older age, Nganasan-Dolgan linguistic contacts continued at least until the mid of the 20th century, especially among the Vadeev Nganasan who have been living in more proximity to Dolgans.
Instead, for every instance, a good morphosyntactic parallel in Evenki or Dolgan can be found.
First, the linguistic diversity on the Taimyr Peninsula is clearly greater than the Siberian average because speakers whose languages belong to four different language families, Tundra Nenets, Forest Enets, Tundra Enets, Nganasan (all Samoyedic, Uralic), Dolgan (Turkic), Evenki (Tungusic), Russian (Indo-European) as well as Taimyr Pidgin Russian aka Govorka have met.
For Dolgan and Forest Enets, several grammars and grammar sketches, textual materials and dictionaries are available ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 1985; [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 2001a; 2001b; [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 2010; Siegl 2013; Siegl, Riessler 2015).
For each feature I offer a potential parallel in either Evenki or Dolgan.
They include: Altaians, Buryatians, Dolgans, Koryaks, Kumandins, Mansi, Selkups, Tuvinians, Khakasians, Nenets, Hunts, Evenks and Russians.
These are among the more beautiful images captured in Francis Latreille's Arctic portfolio, but no less arresting are those recording the human element, particularly the Dolgans," the last authentic nomads of the polar North".
The mammoth is the creator of the Earth shape in the folklore of the Dolgans.
2000 `Land Tenure and Economic Change among the Dolgans and Nganasan' Paper presented at the workshop on `Postsocialisms in the Russian North', Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology, Halle/Salle, Germany, 9 November 2000
The mammoth was first discovered by nomadic reindeer herders, members of Siberia's indigenous tribe of people known as Dolgans, who hunt in the frozen tundra where temperatures can drop to minus 80 [degrees] C.
Raising the mammoth follows the expedition from the initial meetings with the Dolgans to the dramatic airlift of the 21-ton block of ice in Siberia.