The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also, pauznik). A Russian poetic meter. The doVnik occupies an intermediary position between the syllabotonic and the purely tonic systems of versification.

Like syllabotonic meters, the dol’nik has a perceptible internal rhythm created by the alternation of strong syllables (ictuses) and weak syllables (between ictuses); the strong syllables, as a rule, correspond to stressed syllables and the weak syllables to unstressed syllables. But the length of the intervals between ictuses in the dol’nik, in contrast to syllabotonic meters, is not constant but changing and varies from one to two syllables; various combinations of one-syllable and two-syllable intervals create the rhythmic variations of the dol’nik. In reading aloud, the difference in length of the one-syllable and two-syllable intervals can be compensated for either by a lengthening of the syllables or by the introduction of a pause between words, or one may not compensate for it at all. Similar meters also exist in English, German, and other prosodies.

In Russian poetry the first experiments with the dol’nik occur in 19th-century romantic poetry (M. Lu. Lermontov, A. A. Grigor’ev, and A. A. Fet); the dol’nik comes into wide use at the beginning of the 20th century (after A. A. Blok and A. A. Akhmatova). An example of a four-ictus dol’nik is

Dévushka péla v tserkóvnom khóre
O vsékh ustálykh v chuzhom kraiú,
O vsékh korabliákh, ushedshikh v móre,
O vsékh, zabývshikh rádost’ svoiú.

A. A. Blok


Gasparov, M. “Russkii trekhudarnyi dol’nik 20 v.” In the collection Teoriia stikha, Leningrad, 1968.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bratislava spiritIt was hard to leave Bratislava behind, though, as it had experienced a cultural boom in the sixties.Albin used to go to gigs of different bands, such as Beatman, Buttons, Guovy Dolnik (the band's name refers to a specific German playing card), Collegium Musicum, Fermata, and Prady (Currents).
En este sentido, ha sido bien demostrado que la funcion potencia proporciona un buen ajuste a la distribucion de tamanos de parches en diferentes condiciones ambientales y comunidades vegetales (Arrhenius, 1921; Dolnik & Breuer, 2008).
(22) Qandeel Siddique, The Red Mosque operation and its impact on the growth of the Pakistani Taliban (Kjeller: FFI, 2008); see also Adam Dolnik and Khuram Iqbal, Negotiating the siege of the Lal Masjid (Karachi: Oxford University Press, 2016).
Attridge, "The Case for the English Dolnik; or How Not to Introduce Prosody," Poetics Today 33, no.
This result was corroborated by Marina Tarlinskaja based on the analysis of iambic and dolnik stanzas in English and German.
(9.) Sobarzo A, Groseth A, Dolnik O, Becker S, Lutwama JJ, Perelman E, et al.
Dengler, J., Becker, T., Ruprecht, E., Szabo, A., Becker, U., Beldean, M., Bita-Nicolae, C., Dolnik, C., Goia, I., Peyrat, J., Sutcliffe, L.M.E., Dan Turtureanu, P.
According to Adam Dolnik, a terrorism expert from the University of Western Sydney, Sharrouf was "taunting" authorities from a faraway and safe distance.
subulata (Spier & Aptroot 2007) its distinction from the latter species is currently supported by molecular, chemical and morphological data (Dolnik et al.
(2.) Dolnik is a Russian poetic meter in which the amount of unstressed syllables between stresses is not constant but varies from one to two syllables.
The process of feather molt is a major energetic and nutritional cost to birds (Dolnik and Gavrilov 1979; Murphy and King 1992) and is associated with a decline in fat storage levels in many species.
The cases presented were based on those used by Lara Dolnik and fellow researchers in 2003 for their first study.