Domenico Fontana

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Fontana, Domenico


Born 1543 in Melida, Switzerland; died 1607 in Naples. Early baroque Italian architect.

Fontana worked in Rome (1563–92) and Naples (from 1592). He designed the Lateran Palace in Rome (1586–90) and the Royal Palace in Naples (1600–02). His most important works were his city designs for Rome: the construction of Via Felice (present day Via Sistina and other streets) and the construction of several obelisks, including one on St. Peter’s Square. Fontana’s urban designs did much to establish the baroque conception of the city as a system of formal ensembles.


Delia trasportatione dell’obelisco vaticano, parts 1–2. Rome-Naples, 1590–1604.


Muñoz, A. D. Fontana. Rome-Bellinzona [1944].
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The second chapter focuses on Leonardo da Vinci, Michel Montaigne, and Domenico Fontana, the architect who coordinated hundreds of men, horses, and rope and pulley systems as part of a successful effort to re-erect a 300-ton obelisk in front of St.
Forty-two-year-old Domenico Fontana had been responsible for building a palace for Sixtus when he was a cardinal, and seemed to be in the box seat for the job the whole time.
Whereas Giovanni Baglione, in his Lives of 1642, included more than two hundred biographies of artists, Bellori's was a highly selective group of twelve: nine painters (Annibale and Agostino Carracci, Federico Barocci, Caravaggio, Peter Paul Rubens, Anthony van Dyck, Domenichino, Giovanni Lanfranco, and Nicolas Poussin), two sculptors (Francois Du Quesnoy and Alessandro Algardi), and one architect (Domenico Fontana).
For fifteen centuries they remained hidden, until an Italian engineer, Domenico Fontana (1543-1607), began tunneling under a hill in order to establish an aqueduct.