Domingo Faustino Sarmiento

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sarmiento, Domingo Faustino

 

Born Feb. 14, 1811, in San Juan; died Sept. 11, 1888, in Asunción. Argentine state and public figure. Writer and radical-bourgeois historian.

Sarmiento is the author of Travels Through Europe, Africa, and America (1849) and Memories of a Province (1850). His major work, Facundo (1850; original title Civilization and Barbarism: The Life of Juan Facundo Quiroga), is a literary, philosophical, and sociological essay that re-creates the life of the Argentine pampas. It depicts the life of the peoples of Latin America as a struggle between the forces of barbarism and civilization.

Sarmiento was an advocate of secular education. Influenced by utopian socialism, he believed that education would lead to the equality of classes and social harmony. In his works he vigorously condemned the violence of the ruling aristocracy and the dictatorship of Rosas; he is still criticized for these stands by members of the reactionary-clericalist school.

As president (1868–74), Sarmiento enacted a series of reforms aimed at developing Argentina’s economy and culture. Among other things, he promoted agriculture and the raising of sheep. During his administration, railroads and highways were constructed, an astronomical observatory was opened, an academy of sciences was organized, and schools, libraries, and hospitals were built.

WORKS

Obras completas, vols. 1–52. Buenos Aires, 1948.

REFERENCES

Ocherki istorii Argentiny. Moscow, 1961.
Rojas, R. El pensamiento vivo de Sarmiento [2nd ed.]. Buenos Aires [1944].
Rojas, R. El profeta de la pampa: Vida de Sarmiento. Buenos Aires [1945].
Martínes Estrada, E. Meditaciones sarmientinas. Santiago, Chile, 1968.
Bibliografía de Sarmiento. Buenos Aires, 1911.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
En septiembre de 2014 una joven sanjuanina se tomo una foto subida a los hombros de la estatua hiperrealista de Domingo Sarmiento ubicada en su casa natal y la difundio en las redes sociales.
The palm trees originally planted by Domingo Sarmiento in 1860 still stand, and the abandoned garden, initially used by the original caretakers, was excavated to reveal decades-old magnolias, irises, orange blossoms and other plantings.
Du Bois, Domingo Sarmiento, and Felisberto Hernandez, in addition to the film High Plains Drifter starring Clint Eastwood.
O primeiro texto propoe uma analise do pensamento de Domingo Sarmiento e suas tentativas de identificar os males fundamentais que gerariam as crises politicas da Argentina oitocentista, destacando a presenca de conceitos historiograficos e do pensamento racial europeus e as multiplas estrategias narrativas e explicativas usadas por Sarmiento, com ligacoes tanto com o historicismo romantico quanto com diversas linhas de pensamento "cientifico" do periodo.
216)." The politics and ideals of Juan Alberdi and Domingo Sarmiento, among others, reflected French liberalism at the time of the French Revolution of July 1830.
After an unsuccessful revolt against President Domingo Sarmiento's government in 1870, Hernandez fled to Brazil in January 1871.
A comparison of Juan Bautista Alberdi and Domingo Sarmiento favors the work of Alberdi over Sarmiento's public service.
Como aponta Elias Jose Palti, escritores como Domingo Sarmiento, Esteban Echeverria e Juan Baustista Alberdi oscilavam entre, por um lado, uma abordagem historicista que buscava desvelar a singularidade da historia nacional e, por outro, uma perspectiva universalista que inserisse a experiencia local em uma historia maior do progresso humano.