Dominique Jean Larrey

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Larrey, Dominique Jean


Born July 8, 1766, in Baudéan, Hautes-Pyrénées; died Aug. 1, 1842, in Lyon. French surgeon; one of the founders of military field surgery.

Larrey received his medical education in Toulouse. While participating in all the campaigns of Napoleon I, he carried out a complete reorganization of the methods of evacuation of the wounded from the battlefield and of the system used to treat the wounded. He was the first to organize (1793) field hospitals (ambulances); he proposed and practiced the earlyamputation of extremities, which was subsequently replaced by the more merciful method of N. I. Pirogov. He widely employedtrephination of the skull and analyzed the pathology of craniocerebral wounds; he developed surgical methods to deal with wounds of the thorax sustained in combat. He received the prize of the Medical Academy in 1820 and of the Paris Academy of Sciences in 1829.


Mémoires de chirurgie militaire et campagnes, vols. 1–4. Paris, 1812–17.


Kassirskii, I. A. Zh. D. Larrei i skoraia pomoshch’ na wine. Moscow-Leningrad, 1939.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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