Dominique Jean Larrey

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Larrey, Dominique Jean


Born July 8, 1766, in Baudéan, Hautes-Pyrénées; died Aug. 1, 1842, in Lyon. French surgeon; one of the founders of military field surgery.

Larrey received his medical education in Toulouse. While participating in all the campaigns of Napoleon I, he carried out a complete reorganization of the methods of evacuation of the wounded from the battlefield and of the system used to treat the wounded. He was the first to organize (1793) field hospitals (ambulances); he proposed and practiced the earlyamputation of extremities, which was subsequently replaced by the more merciful method of N. I. Pirogov. He widely employedtrephination of the skull and analyzed the pathology of craniocerebral wounds; he developed surgical methods to deal with wounds of the thorax sustained in combat. He received the prize of the Medical Academy in 1820 and of the Paris Academy of Sciences in 1829.


Mémoires de chirurgie militaire et campagnes, vols. 1–4. Paris, 1812–17.


Kassirskii, I. A. Zh. D. Larrei i skoraia pomoshch’ na wine. Moscow-Leningrad, 1939.
References in periodicals archive ?
Dominique Larrey (Central University Hospital, Montpellier, France), said at the meeting that was sponsored by the European Association for the Study of the Liver.
Dominique Larrey, of Central University Hospital, Montpellier, France, said at the meeting that was sponsored by the European Association for the Study of the Liver.
The practice seems to have been revived by Pierre Desault (1744-1795), as described by his pupil Dominique Larrey (1766-1842) who became Napoleon's surgeon.
Giovanni Morgagni, an 18th-century anatomist, together with Dominique Larrey, Napoleon's war surgeon, gave the name to this type of diaphragmatic hernia, known as the Morgagni-Larrey hernia.
Nadie sabe con exactitud cuando comenzaron a emplearse larvas de mosca para sanar heridas, pero el primero en aplicarlas a gran escala fue el cirujano frances Jean Dominique Larrey, que en plena campana napoleonica en Austria, en junio de 1809, trato con ellas a mas de 2,000 heridos en la batalla de Wagram.
Now, Dominique Larrey of the Saint-Eloi Hospital in Montpellier, France, and his colleagues describe seven cases of hepatitis associated with germander capsules or germander tea.
Contractor address : 460 Rue Baron Dominique Larrey ZI Bec De Canard La Farlde BP 166