Don Cossacks

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Don Cossacks

Don Cossacks, Cossack settlers (see Cossacks) who in the 16th cent. founded the virtually independent republic of the Don Cossacks on the fertile steppes along the lower course of the Don River. Novocherkassk was their chief town. The host of the Don Cossacks was governed by a popular council, the Rada, and by an elected chief, called ataman. Their daring raids and exploits attained legendary proportions under Stenka Razin. Although the Don Cossacks gave allegiance to the czar of Russia in 1614, their self-government was recognized by the czar in 1623 and they continued to govern themselves throughout the 17th cent. Frequent rebellions, however, culminating in that of Pugachev, resulted in the loss of many of their privileges. After the suppression of a revolt (1707–8), the Don Cossacks lost the right to elect their ataman. The decree of 1835 made them into a military caste with special privileges in return for military service. After 1886 the czarist government often used the Don Cossacks to suppress revolutionary movements throughout Russia. Following the October Revolution of 1917, the Don Cossacks sought to regain their political autonomy and even strove for independence. They established the Don Military Government and fought the Bolsheviks. Later the Don Cossacks aided the White armies. The Soviet regime abolished Don Cossack army units until World War II, when they were reactivated to fight the Germans. Among prominent Don Cossacks in modern times is Mikhail A. Sholokhov, author of several novels about the Don Cossacks. The Don Cossacks are famous for their songs and choirs.
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References in periodicals archive ?
This Grade 2, which was formerly known as the Kinloch Brae Chase but will for the first time be run under its new banner, has also been won by Cheltenham Festival heroes Don Cossack and Newmill, both of whom won it twice.
Having lost the top job as number one rider to Gigginstown House Stud, for whom he won the Cheltenham Gold Cup with Don Cossack, Cooper's opportunities have been thin on the ground in the summer.
DON COSSACK is set to go back into training next month and I sincerely hope he has made a full recovery from injury.
Cheltenham hero Don Cossack, old rival Cue Card (left) and Vautour are all on course for what promises to be the race of the season.
And Colin Tizzard's top-class 10-year-old may have set up a deciding clash with Gold Cup hero Don Cossack in the Punchestown version later this month.
GORDON Elliott has never made any secret of the regard in which he holds Don Cossack and that long-term faith was gloriously justified in the Timico Cheltenham Gold Cup.
DON Cossack's victory in the Timico Cheltenham Gold Cup condemned the bookmakers to their worst Festival week in living memory.
Almost four years on, the quietly-spoken Irishman stood in the hallowed Prestbury Park winner's enclosure in a state of disbelief and with a tear in his eye after seeing Don Cossack claim the most prestigious prize in National Hunt racing.
Almost four years on, the quietly spoken Irishman stood in the hallowed Prestbury Park winner's enclosure in a state of disbelief and with a tear in his eye after seeing Don Cossack claim the most prestigious prize in National Hunt racing.
Almost four years on, the quietlyspoken Irishman stood in the hallowed Prestbury Park winner's enclosure in a state of disbelief and with a tear in his eye after seeing Don Cossack claim the most prestigious prize in National Hunt racing.
DON Cossack led home an Irish clean sweep with an authoritative success in the Timico Cheltenham Gold Cup.
Don Cossack, the 9-4 favourite ridden by Bryan Cooper and trained by Gordon Elliott, won the Cheltenham Gold Cup on Friday.