John of Austria

(redirected from Don Juan de Austria)
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John of Austria
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John of Austria,

1545–78, Spanish admiral and general; illegitimate son of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. He was acknowledged in his father's will and was recognized by his half-brother, Philip II of Spain. In 1569 he fought against the Morisco rebels in Granada. As admiral of the Holy League, formed against the Ottoman Empire by Pope Pius V, Spain, and Venice, he won the famous naval victory of LepantoLepanto, battle of
, Oct. 7, 1571, naval battle between the Christians and Ottomans fought in the strait between the gulfs of Pátrai and Corinth, off Lepanto (Návpaktos), Greece. The fleet of the Holy League commanded by John of Austria (d.
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 (1571). He later took Tunis and served as governor-general in Italy. In 1576 he was sent by Philip as governor-general to the Netherlands, then in rebellion against Spain under the leadership of William the SilentWilliam the Silent
or William of Orange
(William I, prince of Orange), 1533–84, Dutch statesman, principal founder of Dutch independence. Early Life
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. John was forced to make concessions but then resumed hostilities. His victorious general, Alessandro FarneseFarnese, Alessandro
, 1545–92, duke of Parma and Piacenza (1586–92), general and diplomat in the service of Philip II of Spain. He was the son of Duke Ottavio Farnese and Margaret of Parma and thus a nephew of Philip II and of John of Austria, under whom he
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, succeeded him as governor-general on his death.

Bibliography

See Sir William Stirling-Maxwell, Don John of Austria (1883).


John of Austria,

1629–79, Spanish general and statesman; illegitimate son of Philip IV. He helped put down Masaniello's revolt (1647) in Naples, was viceroy of Sicily (1648–51), and fought (1651–52) against the rebels in Catalonia. In 1656, while France was at war with Spain (see FrondeFronde
, 1648–53, series of outbreaks during the minority of King Louis XIV, caused by the efforts of the Parlement of Paris (the chief judiciary body) to limit the growing authority of the crown; by the personal ambitions of discontented nobles; and by the grievances of
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), he was appointed governor of the Spanish Netherlands. He was defeated by Turenne at the battle of the DunesDunes, Battle of the,
1658, decisive engagement fought near Dunkirk in the struggle between France and Spain that had resulted from Spanish intervention in the Fronde. The Spanish under the command of Don John of Austria and Louis II de Condé lost to the French and their
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 (1658) and recalled. His campaign (1661–64) for the reconquest of Portugal also failed. During the minority of Charles IICharles II,
1661–1700, king of Spain, Naples, and Sicily (1665–1700), son and successor of Philip IV. The last of the Spanish Hapsburgs, he was physically crippled and mentally retarded.
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, he overthrew the regency of the queen-mother Mariana and seized power (1677). His government lost Franche-Comté to France by the peace of Nijmegen (1678).

John of Austria

called Don John. 1547--78, Spanish general: defeated the Turks at Lepanto (1571)
References in periodicals archive ?
Termina la relacion, aunque, la tirada de romance es mas extensa, pues continua cuando llegan las tropas que ayudaran a sofocar la rebelion morisca, entre ellos, se encuentra otra figura historica, don Lope de Figueroa, junto con su ejercito; este llega a entablar un dialogo con don Juan de Austria, pero es interrumpido abruptamente por Garces quien lleva a un moro cautivo, Alcuzcuz.
Es notorio, con lo anterior, que en Amar despues de la muerte, las silvas marcan un discurso mas encaminado al poco movimiento en escena: la charla entre Garces y don Juan de Mendoza, este mismo personaje con don Juan de Austria y el soliloquio de Alvaro Tuzani.
La cantidad de dinero y los objetos saqueados tampoco era poca: Don Juan de Austria capturo 274 canones pequenos, y de la bastarda de Ali Paca 150.
Una de las primeras cartas en las que encontramos la decepcion que sufrio el Papa es la carta enviada a don Juan de Austria por don Juan de Zuniga.
El Papa Benedicto XVI (Joseph Ratzinger) acaba de demostrar que no solo el lenguaraz presidente de Mexico, Vicente Fox, es capaz de cometer las mas insolitas impertinencias, ya que, con un resbalon discursivo, estuvo a punto de provocar una guerra de gran escala, o como minimo reeditar la celebre batalla de Lepanto, aquella de 1571 en la que, enfrentados cristianos, encabezados por don Juan de Austria, y musulmanes, liderados por el sultan Selim II, Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, la maxima figura de las letras espanolas, se quedo manco.
Paso luego a la armada de la Santa Liga, una coalicion de las flotas espanola, pontifical y veneciana que, bajo el mando supremo de don Juan de Austria, se disponia a cerrar el paso a la expansion musulmana que a traves de Turquia habia invadido ya Grecia y se disponia a ocupar la isla de Chipre, estrategico bastion del cristianismo en el Mediterraneo oriental.
Mientras la flota aliada regresaba al puerto de Messina, don Juan de Austria visito uno por uno a los soldados heridos.
El eclesiastico balear habia desembarcado el ano anterior en Tunez, porque don Juan de Austria le habia encomendado un papel de envergadura en la posesion africana: Diego iba a ser el vicario General y Comisario del Santo oficio en un area donde la casi totalidad de los subditos eran musulmanes (56).
Hallandome yo en la dicha fuerza [La Goleta], cuando el serenisimo senor don Juan de Austria vino con su armada y tomo a la ciudad de Tunez, que estaba ocupada de turcos, quedo por vicario General de la fuerza y Comisario del Santo oficio de la Inquisicion el muy reverendo padre fray Diego de Mallorca, de la orden de San Francisco (58).
don Juan de Austria antes de que sucediesse la batalla naval, de Mosquera.
195r figura, despues del titulo Exhortacion al serenissimo senor don Juan de Austria, capitan general de la mar, la nota "es lo ultimo que se ha de poner en la Galera Real".
Sources: Risco, Alberto, Don Juan de Austria, hijo de Felipe IV.