Doria, Andrea

Doria, Andrea

Doria, Andrea (ändrāˈä dōˈrēä), b. 1466 or 1468, d. 1560, Italian admiral and statesman, of an ancient family prominent in the history of Genoa. He started his career as a condottiere and in the Italian Wars fought for Francis I of France. In 1528 he fell out with Francis and went over to Charles V, Holy Roman emperor and King of Spain, under the condition that the independence of Genoa be preserved. Doria became (1528) virtual dictator of Genoa, but even under the constitution that he imposed the republican institutions were preserved. He mercilessly suppressed conspiracies against himself (1547, 1548) and ended factional strife. As admiral of the fleet, Doria assisted the Spanish against the Turks and the pirate Barbarossa. He helped Charles V in taking Tunis from Barbarossa in 1535 but failed at Algiers in 1541. In 1559 he recovered, with French aid, Corsica for Genoa.
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Doria, Andrea

 

Born Nov. 30, 1466, in Oneglia; died Nov. 25, 1560, in Genoa. Genoese admiral and state figure. Born into an aristocratic family.

During the period of the Italian Wars of 1494-1559, Doria, who had made it his goal to defend the independence of Genoa and who initially counted on the aid of France, served the French king Francis I from 1522 to 1525 and from 1527 to 1528; changing his allegiance, he subsequently went over to the service of Emperor Charles V. With the aid of Spanish imperial troops, he liberated Genoa from the forces of France in 1528 and obtained the restoration of the Genoese republic from the emperor. Under the constitution of 1528 introduced by Doria, an oligarchical government of the patriciate was established in Genoa. Doria became the actual ruler of the republic. In 1547 he suppressed the Fiesco conspiracy harshly. Under his command, the Spanish-Genoese fleet achieved a number of major victories (for example, during the Spanish expedition to Tunisia in 1535).

REFERENCES

Biancotti, A. A. Doria. Turin, 1920.
Luzzatti, I. Andrea Doria. [Milan, 1943.]
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.