Dorians


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Dorians,

people of ancient Greece. Their name was mythologically derived from Dorus, son of HellenHellen
, in Greek mythology, ancestor of the Hellenes, or Greeks; son of Deucalion and Pyrrha. He was the father of Dorus, Xuthus, and Aeolus, who were the progenitors of the principal nations of the Greeks—the Dorians, the Ionians, the Achaeans, and the Aeolians.
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. Originating in the northwestern mountainous region of Epirus and SW Macedonia, they migrated through central Greece and into the Peloponnesus probably between 1100 and 950 B.C., defeating and displacing the Achaeans. They rapidly extended their influence to Crete and established colonies in Italy, Sicily, and Asia Minor. Sparta and Crete are generally considered as having had the most typical form of Dorian rule—the invaders maintained their separate societies and subjected and enslaved the conquered population. The arrival of the Dorians marked the disruption of the earlier Greek culture and the beginning of a period of decline. Although the cultural level of the Dorians was below that of the Achaeans, the Dorians did contribute to the culture of Greece, e.g., in drama, poetry, sculpture, and especially in the huge stone buildings that marked the beginning of the Doric style of architecture.

Dorians

 

one of the principal ancient Greek tribes. Originally the Dorians inhabited northern and central Greece. At about the beginning of the 12th century B.C., they migrated to southwestern Greece, where they dealt crushing blows to the weakened centers of Achaean Greece—Mycenae, Tiryns, and Pylos. The Dorians, joined by other tribes, brought under their rule Laconia, Messenia, Cynuria, Argolis, Megara, and Corinth on the isthmus. Later, the Dorians colonized the islands of Rhodes, Crete, Thera, Melos, Cos, Calimnos, and the coast of Caria (the cities of Cnidus, Halicarnassus). As early as the eighth to sixth centuries B.C. states similar in both culture and social organization (Sparta, the city-states of Crete, and Argos) were established on the territory settled by the Dorians. These states were characterized by a slaveholding mode of production and by the preservation of numerous survivals of the clan system.

REFERENCES

Shmidt, R. V. “Antichnoe predanie o doriiskom pereselenii.” Vestnik drevnei istorii, 1938, no. 2 [3].
Kazamanova, L. N. Ocherk sotsial’no-ekonomicheskoi istorii Krita v V-IV vv. do n.e. Moscow, 1964.
Kolobova, K. M. Iz istorii rannegrecheskogo obshchestva (o. Rodos IX-VII vv. do n.e.). Leningrad, 1951.

L. N. KAZAMANOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Only the girl Wilde's Dorian fancies for a while is replaced by a rent boy in Self s novel.
The Picture of Dorian Gray echoes Charles Maturin's (4) gothic novel Melmoth the Wanderer (1820).
Thus, Lord Henry Wotton's roman a clef, (5) or ergon of the novel, only means in relation to its orbiting parerga or frames, namely the epilogue, Lady Di's tele-visual story and Wilde's The Picture of Dorian Gray.
Like the video installation in Lord Henry's roman a clef, and the high technology replicas of the 'real' Dorian and his 'other', Lady Di, the picture in Wilde's novel constitutes both the core, or ergon, and the parerga of the story.
The Dorian whom Lord Henry devises is an alter ego both of the 'real', Blairite Dorian and of Wilde's hero.
From the moment Dorian poses for Baz, he undergoes a frenetic process of corruption whereby the gothic tone of Wilde's novel turns gory and overwhelmingly explicit.
If both Dorian and the Princess mirror each other and project their images outside the text or the screen, we, as readers, become deflectors of the whole process.
Moreover, as happens in Wilde's novel, Dorian soon catches a glimpse of his terrible metamorphosis.
Dorian himself is a metamorphic beast whom, owing to his excessive physicality, Wotton regards as "the true retrovirus" (Self 2003: 108).
The story of Wotton's Dorian is deferred to that of Wilde's Dorian and that of Blair's Dorian.
To recall, Dorians will perform at Amager Bio Club in Copenhagen on May 10.
In 2009 Dorians participated in the selection contest with a song Fly already in 2009, but the