dormouse

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Related to Dormice: Gliridae

dormouse,

name for Old World nocturnal rodentsrodent,
member of the mammalian order Rodentia, characterized by front teeth adapted for gnawing and cheek teeth adapted for chewing. The Rodentia is by far the largest mammalian order; nearly half of all mammal species are rodents.
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 of the family Gliridae. There are many dormouse species, classified in several genera. Many resemble small squirrels. Dormice sleep deeply during the day, and European species hibernate for nearly six months of the year; their name is derived from the French dormir, "to sleep." Best known is the common dormouse, or hazelmouse, Muscardinus avellanarius, of Europe and W Asia, which resembles a mouse with a bushy tail. It is up to 4 in. (10 cm) long excluding the 2-in. (5-cm) tail, with rounded ears, large eyes, and thick, soft, reddish brown fur. Social animals, hazelmice build neighboring nests of leaves and grasses in bushes and thickets. They feed on insects, berries, seeds, and nuts, and are especially partial to hazelnuts. The European, or fat, dormouse, Glis glis, is the largest of the family reaching a length of 8 in. (20 cm) excluding the tail; it has a very thick coat of grayish fur and becomes extremely fat in autumn. It is found in forested regions of Europe and W Asia and lives in hollow trees. The ancient Romans raised it in captivity for food. There are many dormouse species in Africa. The spiny dormice of S Asia belong to a different rodent family, the Platacanthomyidae; they have spines mixed with their fur. The desert dormouse (Selevinia betpakolalensis) is placed in its own family, Seleviniidae. True dormice are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Rodentia, family Gliridae.

dormouse

[′dȯr‚mau̇s]
(vertebrate zoology)
The common name applied to members of the family Gliridae; they are Old World arboreal rodents intermediate between squirrels and rats.

dormouse

snoozes all through the mad tea-party. [Br. Lit.: Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland]
See: Sleep

dormouse

any small Old World rodent of the family Gliridae, esp the Eurasian Muscardinus avellanarius, resembling a mouse with a furry tail
References in periodicals archive ?
Hazel dormice numbers have declined steeply in recent years, due to loss of woodland and hedgerows and changes to traditional countryside management practices.
Dormice are found in parts of north-east Wales and Montgomeryshire, but it's thought to be at the northern edge of their main British range.
Dormice were already known to be present in the adjacent nature reserve's woodland and hedgerows, and the Wildlife Trust had previously identified through a landscape-scale assessment that the surrounding countryside offered important habitat for this protected species.
He said Hazel dormice were threatened by a lack of management of woods, which are increasingly left to grow into full-scale trees without the coppicing and management of woodland rides which provide the right habitat for dormice and other wildlife.
This could lead to a broader time window for dormice to rear their young and in the case of a failed attempt a second replacement litter might be produced.
Ongoing research of Giroud's group is now focusing on comparing late-born juvenile garden dormice with their early-born counterparts.
It is only the third dormice site recorded in Conw y.
And they may have eaten dormice - they had pots of ingenious construction in which they fattened them up," Wallace-Hadrill, who is also the master of Sidney Sussex College at Cambridge University, added.
The nationwide survey will enlist people to search woodlands for signs of gnawed hazel nuts to determine the distribution status of dormice.
The three-inch creature will father hundreds of dormice at Paignton Zoo in Devon, where his harem will be delivered to him.