Dorothea Lynde Dix

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Dix, Dorothea Lynde,

1802–87, American social reformer, pioneer in the movement for humane treatment of the insane, b. Hampden, Maine. For many years she ran a school in Boston. In 1841 she visited a jail in East Cambridge, Mass., and was shocked at conditions there, especially the indiscriminate mixing of criminals and the insane. After inspecting other Massachusetts institutions, she wrote (1842) a famous memorandum to the state legislature. Her crusade resulted in the founding of state hospitals for the insane in many states, and her influence was felt in Canada and Europe. Dix also did notable work in penology. During the Civil War she was superintendent of women war nurses.


See H. E. Marshall, Dorothea Dix: Forgotten Samaritan (1937, repr. 1967); S. C. Beach, Daughters of the Puritans (1967); F. Tiffany, Life of Dorothea Lynde Dix (repr. 1971); D. C. Wilson, Stranger and Traveler: The Story of Dorothea Dix, American Reformer (1975); D. Gallaher, Voice for the Mad (1995).

References in periodicals archive ?
Less than meets the eye: The strange career of Dorothea Dix.
Raynor referred not just to the incident with the patient, but to everything, from the hospital's Gothic style to the hospital's name, which Sedaris calls Dorothea Dix Sanitarium in his essay.
Many of those involved in nursing the wounded during the Civil War, including the formidable Dorothea Dix, had, of course, either direct experience of the Crimea, having served as voluntary nurses there, or were at least aware of the reforms in health care implemented by Nightingale.
In many ways, current policy practice is a return to social work advocacy that was practiced by Dorothea Dix, Jane Addams, and others.
premise that the central interest of Dorothea Dix .
Some of the leaders included are Stephen Biko, Stokely Carmichael, Dorothea Dix, Sigmund Freud, Mohandas Gandhi, Gloria Steinem, Nelson Mandela, Florence Nightingale, Jean-Paul Sartre, and Emiliano Zapata.
As you travel through time you meet such well known figures as Dorothea Dix and Clara Barton as they advance the task of nursing to the level of a profession.
Think of Walker Evans and Dorothea Dix, James Agee and the Lomaxes lugging their cumbersome field-recording equipment in search of regional and ethnic American voices for the Library of Congress.
Dorothea Dix began a long, energetic campaign to eliminate mistreatment of the insane.
In this spotlight feature you'll find biographies on inspiring women such as Gloria Steinem and Dorothea Dix, as well as featured sites on the women of NASA and World War II.
In the 1840s, activist Dorothea Dix lobbied for better living conditions for individuals with varied mental conditions after witnessing the dangerous and unhealthy conditions in which Disabledjailus (individuals with intellectual and physical disabilities who were housed in jails).
of Health & Human Services, Dorothea Dix Psychiatric Center ( Requesting Department ).