Non-Fiction / Arctic History /1nuit Culture / Dorset Culture
Wintemberg, "Eskimo Sites of the Dorset Culture
in Newfoundland," American Antiquity 2 (1939): 83-103; Erwin, "A Prehistoric Soapstone Quarry," 43.
Neither the Thule nor the earlier Arctic colonists, who created tools and figurines typical of what's called Dorset culture
by around 3,000 years ago, display a genetic connection to current Native American groups living south of the Arctic, the scientists report in the Aug.
By about 500 BC, the Dorset culture
had developed from the first inhabitants.
Trends and ontology of artistic practices of the Dorset Culture
800 BC-1300 AD.
Some of these, Hawkes believed, belonged to the Tunnit, a people known to Inuit as the semimythical first inhabitants of their lands, and to many Arctic archaeologists as bearers of the ancient Dorset culture
. His investigations continued in this manner for the duration of Cluett's outward journey, a Cook's tour that took the party along the southern shores of Baffin Island, across the Strait to Cape Wolstenholme, at the eastern entrance to Hudson Bay, then down the Bay's east side and up the west from Eskimo Point to Chesterfield Inlet before heading homeward via Coats and Mansel Islands.
In this regard, McGhee (1996:118) has summarized the marine mammal-oriented subsistence economy of Dorset culture
, noting that "more extensive sea ice and a longer period during which this hunting platform was available may well have produced a more efficient and productive economy" relative to earlier Paleoeskimo cultures.
Early Paleoeskimos, the first people to occupy the Canadian Arctic Archipelago and adjacent mainland coastal regions, are generally referred to as the Pre-Dorset culture in the Central Canadian Arctic, and Late Paleoeskimos are known as the Dorset culture
. The latter is thought to have derived from the former about 2500 (14) C years BP (henceforth BP) and to have been replaced by Neoeskimos from the Bering Strait region about 700-1000 BP.
Elmer Harp Jr., 96, a Dartmouth College anthropologist who inspired many undergraduates to a career in Arctic archaeology and established the Alaskan roots of Eastern Arctic Dorset culture
, died in Hanover, New Hampshire, on 2 June 2009.
Although the Paleoeskimos are known by various cultural names, in the central Canadian Arctic the early Paleoeskimo groups are generally referred to as the Pre-Dorset culture, and the late groups, as the Dorset culture
. The Dorset culture
is thought to have derived from the Pre-Dorset in the Canadian Arctic about 2500 [.sup.14]C years BP and to have been replaced by Neoeskimos from the Bering Strait region between 1000 and 700 [.sup.14]C years BP.
While some of these differences, such as the relationship between Independence II and the Dorset culture
, continue to divide opinion on basic issues of culture history, Jensen's work promotes more recent endeavors to bridge such gaps.
The absence of dwelling structures with a well-defined box hearth, the introduction of soapstone vessels, and the abandonment of the bow and arrow by the site's occupants at Nipisat during the latest phase of the occupation are convincingly cited as evidence for cultural affinities with the succeeding Dorset culture
in Central West Greenland.