Dost Muhammad

Dost Muhammad

(dōst mo͞ohäm`mäd), 1793–1863, emir of Afghanistan. He and his family struggled to get the emirate for years before he finally succeeded in establishing himself in 1826. He waged continual war with the Sikhs, and trouble with the British, beginning in 1838, led to the first (1839–42) of the Afghan Wars. Defeated, he fled to India, but he later returned, and it was at least with British acquiescence that he regained the throne. Friendly relations were resumed and an agreement was reached in 1855, but Britain firmly refused to support him against the Persians. A strong, capable ruler, he helped to build Afghanistan and sought to play Russian interests against the British.

Dost Muhammad

 

Born 1790 (according to other data, Dec. 23, 1793); died June 9, 1863, in Herat. Afghani emir from 1834. He was the 20th son of Payanda Khan, the leader of the Barakzai tribe. After the decline of the Durrani Empire in 1818 he governed the princedoms of Ghazni and Kabul (beginning in 1826-27). In 1834 he declared himself emir of all Afghanistan, beginning the Barakzai dynasty. Dost Muhammad tried to unite the country politically by enlisting the support of Russia, a step that aroused the opposition of Great Britain. In 1838, Great Britain went to war against Afghanistan. In the first stage of the war, Dost Muhammad actively struggled against the aggressors, but at the end of 1840 he surrendered to the British and was exiled to India. In 1842 the English were forced to free Dost Muhammad after being defeated in Afghanistan. He returned to Afghanistan to rule once again. From 1855 to 1863 he united Qandahar, Eastern Seistan, Herat, and the lands on the left bank of the Amu Darya River with Afghanistan.

REFERENCES

Khalfin, N. A. Proval britanskoi agressii v Afganistane. Moscow, 1959.
Babakhodzhaev, M. A. Bor’ba Afganistana za nezavisimost’. Moscow, 1959.
Masson, V. M., and V. A. Romodin. Istoriia Afganistana, vol. 2. Moscow, 1965.

N. A. KHALFIN

References in periodicals archive ?
Last year in December, Justice Dost Muhammad Khan, while hearing the NAB appeals regarding the acquittal of accuse, urged the need for accountability of all, including judges and generals, like all other citizens.
A three-member bench headed by Justice Asif Saeed Khan Khosa and comprising Justice Dost Muhammad Khan and Justice Mansoor Ali Shah resumed hearing of the case on Wednesday.
A two-member bench headed by Justice Dost Muhammad Khan and comprising Justice Qazi Faez Esa heard the appeal of the accused citizen of Bhawalnager against life imprisonment awarded him by the high court.
ISLAMABAD -- There should be a comprehensive accountability system under the national laws, remarked Justice Dost Muhammad Khan on Thursday.
Islamabad -- Justice Dost Muhammad Khan has urged the need of accountability of all including Judges and Generals.
In another case, the court awarded seven years imprisonment each to three accused involved in the Dost Muhammad Housing Society fraud.
Government Teachers Association divisional office bearer Dost Muhammad Mandokhail, Shah Barat Mandokhail, students, senior teachers and parents in a large number attended the annual results and prize distribution function that commenced with the recitation of the holy Qur'an.
As per details, Tehsil Nazim Malik Taimor Khan, Village Nazimeen President Zahoor Ahmed Paracha, Muhammad Shoaib, Muhammad Shakir, Inayat ullah, Dost Muhammad Qazi, Shakeel Ahmed and others elected members were present in the protest.
Dost Muhammad Nayyab told Pajhwok Afghan News the incident took place on Sunday night in Siasang locality on the outskirts of Surab district at a police security post.
A TTP spokesperson, Sirajuddin, rejected the claim, while the Taliban's shadowy governor for Nuristan, Sheikh Dost Muhammad, described Nuristani's claim as "part of propaganda to undermine the Taliban's growing popularity in the region".
Dost Muhammad Faizi were the chief guest and guest of honor respectively.
9 -- Former Punjab chief minister, Sardar Dost Muhammad Khan Khosa, although has been supportive of his party bosses in the by-elections and flood relief activities, he is reluctant to assume charge of his new assignment - the Ministry of Commerce and Investment.