Dost Muhammad

Dost Muhammad

(dōst mo͞ohäm`mäd), 1793–1863, emir of Afghanistan. He and his family struggled to get the emirate for years before he finally succeeded in establishing himself in 1826. He waged continual war with the Sikhs, and trouble with the British, beginning in 1838, led to the first (1839–42) of the Afghan Wars. Defeated, he fled to India, but he later returned, and it was at least with British acquiescence that he regained the throne. Friendly relations were resumed and an agreement was reached in 1855, but Britain firmly refused to support him against the Persians. A strong, capable ruler, he helped to build Afghanistan and sought to play Russian interests against the British.

Dost Muhammad

 

Born 1790 (according to other data, Dec. 23, 1793); died June 9, 1863, in Herat. Afghani emir from 1834. He was the 20th son of Payanda Khan, the leader of the Barakzai tribe. After the decline of the Durrani Empire in 1818 he governed the princedoms of Ghazni and Kabul (beginning in 1826-27). In 1834 he declared himself emir of all Afghanistan, beginning the Barakzai dynasty. Dost Muhammad tried to unite the country politically by enlisting the support of Russia, a step that aroused the opposition of Great Britain. In 1838, Great Britain went to war against Afghanistan. In the first stage of the war, Dost Muhammad actively struggled against the aggressors, but at the end of 1840 he surrendered to the British and was exiled to India. In 1842 the English were forced to free Dost Muhammad after being defeated in Afghanistan. He returned to Afghanistan to rule once again. From 1855 to 1863 he united Qandahar, Eastern Seistan, Herat, and the lands on the left bank of the Amu Darya River with Afghanistan.

REFERENCES

Khalfin, N. A. Proval britanskoi agressii v Afganistane. Moscow, 1959.
Babakhodzhaev, M. A. Bor’ba Afganistana za nezavisimost’. Moscow, 1959.
Masson, V. M., and V. A. Romodin. Istoriia Afganistana, vol. 2. Moscow, 1965.

N. A. KHALFIN

References in periodicals archive ?
QUETTA -- Police has arrested wanted suspect in the murder of Police Sub Inspector Dost Muhammad who was killed at his official residence in Pishin.
According to details, an official of police namely Dost Muhammad was present at a house when identified armed assailants entered the house and opened fire at him and fled from the scene.
ISLAMABAD -- Justice (retd) Dost Muhammad Khan has been shifted to the VIP ward of Pims after he was severely injured due to a fire outbreak in his house apparently due to a short circuit in the wiring of an air conditioner.
LAHORE -- Acting Speaker Punjab Assembly Dost Muhammad Mazari held an important meeting with acting Governor Punjab Ch Parvez Elahi at the Governor's House here on Tuesday.
Sardar Dost Muhammad Mazari said that the government through its positive policies, is reviving the weak economy.
It is worthwhile to mention here that a few day ago SEPCO Shikarpur officers including Sabir Hussain Bugti, Sajid Memon, Amjad Qureshi, Xen Shikarpur, Line Superintendent and SDO-1 Shikarpur conducted a raid at the ice factory of Dost Muhammad Chandio and imposed fine him for power theft, while Dost Muhammad Chandio denied all allegations and got registered NC at Stuart Ganj Police Station against all above mentioned officers for looting and harassing him.
LAHORE -- PML-N MPA Azma Bokhari, whose membership was suspended in the ongoing Punjab Assembly session by Deputy Speaker Dost Muhammad Mazari, said on Saturday she would boycott the session proceedings whenever 'this spoiled feudal' would be in the chair.
Lahore -- Punjab Assembly Deputy Speaker Dost Muhammad Mazari on Friday suspended three PML-N MPAs until the prorogation of the current session over their alleged 'disorderly conduct', a notification issued by his office said.
Talking to Deputy Speaker Punjab Assembly Mir Dost Muhammad Mazari who called on her here today, the health minister said that and genuine change in public health facilities was need of the hour and her ministry is committed to introduce meaningful reforms in the sector.
Dost Muhammad Khan, interim chief minister of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and Javed Afridi, chairman of Peshawar Zalmi, gave away the prizes after the final.
PESHAWAR:Interim Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) Chief Minister (CM) Justice (r) Dost Muhammad Khan took notice of Peshawar Deputy Commissioner (DC) Imran Hamid Sheikh's irresponsible statement" that his administration had prepared 1,000 coffins in case of an emergency situation on July 25.
Islamabad -- Justice Dost Muhammad Khan has urged the need of accountability of all including Judges and Generals.