Douglas, Sir James de, lord of Douglas

Douglas, Sir James de, lord of Douglas,

1286?–1330, Scottish nobleman, called the Black Douglas and Douglas the Good; eldest son of William de Douglas, lord of Douglas. In the war of independence against England he joined Robert IRobert I
or Robert the Bruce,
1274–1329, king of Scotland (1306–29). He belonged to the illustrious Bruce family and was the grandson of that Robert the Bruce who in 1290 was an unsuccessful claimant to the Scottish throne.
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 and made himself the terror of the border, even burning his own castle of Douglas twice to rid it of English garrisons. He led a force at BannockburnBannockburn
, moor and parish, Stirling, central Scotland, on the Bannock River. Textiles are manufactured in the parish. In 1314 on the moor, a Scottish army of 10,000 led by Robert Bruce routed 23,000 English under Edward II, thus climaxing Robert's struggle for Scottish
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 (1314), and was knighted there. In 1327, Douglas almost captured the young Edward IIIEdward III,
1312–77, king of England (1327–77), son of Edward II and Isabella. Early Life

He was made earl of Chester in 1320 and duke of Aquitaine in 1325 and accompanied his mother to France in 1325.
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 and succeeding in ending the English campaign. After Robert I died, Douglas started with his king's heart in a casket for Palestine, but he was killed fighting the Moors in Spain.


See biography by I. M. Davis (1974).

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