Douglas, Kirk,1916–2020, American film actor, b. Amsterdam, N.Y., as Issur Danielovitch, later Isadore Demsky. A leading man with a muscular physique and handsome cleft-chin face that made him a natural for tough, hard-edged roles, he had his first star turn as an intense, amoral boxer in Champion (1949). Subsequent noteworthy performances include a jazz musician in Young Man with a Horn (1950), a hard-nosed cop in William WylerWyler, William,
1902–1981, American film director, producer, and writer, b. Mülhausen, Germany (now Mulhouse, France) as Willi Wilder. He came to the United States (1920) at the invitation of Carl Laemmle, a distant relative and the founder of Universal Studios, where
..... Click the link for more information. 's Detective Story (1951), an unscrupulous movie producer in The Bad and the Beautiful (1952), an intense portrayal of painter Vincent van GoghVan Gogh, Vincent
, 1853–90, postimpressionist painter, b. the Netherlands. Van Gogh's works are perhaps better known generally than those of any other painter. His brief, turbulent, and tragic life is thought to epitomize the mad genius legend.
..... Click the link for more information. in Vincent Minnelli's Lust for Life (1956), and a French colonel in Stanley KubrickKubrick, Stanley
, 1928–99, American film director, writer, and producer, b. New York City. His visually stunning, thematically daring, boldly idiosyncratic, and darkly compelling films generally portray a deeply flawed humanity.
..... Click the link for more information. 's Paths of Glory (1957). Other important films were Spartacus (1960), based on a novel by Howard FastFast, Howard,
1914–2003, American author, b. New York City. A prolific writer, he is best known for historical novels that mainly concern rebellion against various forms of tyranny.
..... Click the link for more information. , Seven Days in May (1964), and In Harm's Way (1965). Later films were of lesser importance. Douglas was awarded an Acadamy Award for lifetime achievement in 1996, among other honors. He wrote an autobiography (1988), several memoirs including one on making Spartacus (2012), three novels, and other books.
See biographies by J. McBride (1978) and M. Eliot (2012); T. Thomas, The Films of Kirk Douglas (upd. ed. 2000).
His son, Michael Douglas, 1944–, b. New Brunswick, N.J., is an actor, producer, and director. Films in which he starred are The China Syndrome (1987, Academy Award), Romancing the Stone (1984), Fatal Attraction (1987), Wall Street (1987), War of the Roses (1989), Basic Instinct (1992), The American President (1995), Wonder Boys (2000), and Traffic (2000). He has also appeared in a number of television shows and series, winning an Emmy for Behind the Candelabra (2013).
J. Parker, Michael Douglas: Acting on Instinct (2d ed. 2011); biography by M. Eliot (2013).