Douglas Mawson

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Sir Douglas Mawson
BirthplaceShipley, West Yorkshire, England, United Kingdom
Nationality Australian
Geologist, chemistry demonstrator, Antarctic explorer, academic
EducationRooty Hill and Fort Street Model School, Sydney, New South Wales
Known for First ascent of Mount Erebus. First team to reach the South Magnetic Pole. Sole survivor of Far Eastern Party

Mawson, Douglas


Born May 5, 1882, in Bradford, Great Britain; died Oct. 14, 1958, in Adelaide, Australia. Australian geologist and antarctic explorer.

After graduating from the University of Sydney in 1904, Mawson taught at the University of Adelaide from 1905, becoming a professor there and head of the subdepartment of geology (1920–54). He participated in three major antarctic expeditions. The first expedition (1907–09) was led by E. Shackleton, and Mawson himself headed the second (1911–14) and third (1929–31) expeditions. In Antarctica, Mawson discovered and mapped more than 200 geographic entities, including Queen Mary Land, Mac-Robertson Land, Princess Elizabeth Land, and Banzare Coast (the acronym for British, Australian, and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition).

Mawson’s principal works deal with the geology and glaciology of eastern Antarctica and southern Australia, including Precambrian stratigraphy, geochemistry, and mineralogy. Mawson was the editor of the scientific works published by the British, Australian, and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition of 1929–1931. He was a member of the London Royal Society (1923), president of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Scientific Progress (1932), and a member of several foreign learned societies. A number of places in Antarctica have been named after Mawson, including a polar station, a peninsula, a coast, and a sea.


In Russian translation:
V strane purgi. Leningrad, 1935.
Rodina snezhnykh bur’. Moscow, 1967.


Suziumov, E. M. Zhizn’, otdannaia Antarktide. Moscow, 1960.
Suziumov, E. M. Duglas Mouson i Antarktika. Leningrad, 1970.
Mawson, Paquita. Mawson of the Antarctic: The Life of Sir Douglas Mawson. London, 1964.
References in periodicals archive ?
He felt a piece of Mawson Charnockite from the Australian Antarctic Territory would be a fitting tribute to not only Sir Douglas Mawson, but also to all scientists who have contributed to our understanding of the continent.
Helpfully, the newspaper points out that researchers aboard the Akademik Shokalskiy have suffered an "embarrassing failure'' in their mission, which apparently was not to follow in the footsteps of explorer Douglas Mawson and build on his scientific observations but to prove beyond doubt that climate change is real.
The vessel is being used by the Australasian Antarctic Expedition to follow the route explorer Douglas Mawson travelled a century ago.
The Akademik Shokalskiy left New Zealand on November 28 on a private expedition to commemorate the 100th anniversary of an Antarctic journey led by Australian explorer Douglas Mawson.
He became one of the first men to reach the magnetic south pole, alongside Douglas Mawson and Professor Edgeworth David.
In Ice, Wind, Rock, Peter Gouldthorpe honours the heroism and achievement of the great Australian Antarctic explorer, Douglas Mawson. The book focuses on the multi-pronged Australasian Antarctic Expedition of 1911-14 and particularly the epic journeying of the ill-fated Far Eastern Party of which Mawson was the leader.
In 1913, Douglas Mawson, leader of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition, was the lone survivor of a disaster in the Arctic.
The geologist Douglas Mawson went south for the cause of science and produced a remarkable story of tragedy, endurance and survival that rivals anything managed by the better known adventurers.
The second section concludes with descriptions of the dogs attached to Antarctic expeditions led by Douglas Mawson, Ernest Shackleton, Ernest Joyce, Richard Byrd, Robert Dover, and Vivian Fuchs.
Douglas Mawson impishly postulated a Bathybia where, thousands of feet below sea level, a greenhouse effect would allow fresh water to flow and life to thrive.
Lennard Bickel, This Accursed Land: Douglas Mawson's incredible Antarctic journey, Woodslane Press, Sydney, 2010, vi + 281 pages; ISBN 978 192168 304 6.
Australian polar explorer and geologist Douglas Mawson led two expeditions to Antarctica in the early 1900s, on the first one bringing along a single-propeller Vickers plane.