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, town, England
Dover (dōˈvər), town, Kent, SE England, on the Strait of Dover, beneath chalk cliffs (the “White Cliffs of Dover”) c.375 ft (114 m) high. The small Dour River flows through the town. Dover is a resort and an important port for travel and shipping to the Continent; it was chief among the members of the Cinque Ports. It is also a principal ferry port to Calais. Some light industry has developed in Dover. The Romans fortified the place and called it Dubris. In Anglo-Saxon times a fort was built there. In 1216, Dover was defended by Hubert de Burgh against a French attack. In the English civil war it was taken (1642) by the parliamentarians. It was the landing place of Charles II in 1660. Only 21 mi (34 km) from France, Dover was the center of English Channel defense and an important naval base in World War I. It was a constant target of German long-range guns for four years in World War II. In the cliffs a series of subterranean caves and tunnels once used by smugglers were put to use as shelters from 1940 to 1944. Improvement of the extensive harbor occurred in the late 19th and early 20th cent. Noteworthy are Shakespeare Cliff (the first coal in Kent was discovered there in 1822); the 13th-century Maison Dieu Hall, hostel of Hubert de Burgh; Dover Castle on the cliffs, of Roman or Saxon origin; the lighthouse in the castle, partly Roman; the Church of St. Mary, also in the castle, of Saxon origin with Roman brick; the barracks; and St. Martin's priory (1332), part of Dover College, a boys' school.


, cities, United States

Dover. 1 City (2020 pop. 39,403), state capital, and seat of Kent co., central Del., on the St. Jones River; founded 1683 on orders of William Penn, laid out 1717, inc. as a city 1929. In a fertile farming and fruit-growing region, it is a shipping and canning center with varied light industries. Dover Air Force Base, a principal military air cargo terminal, is a major factor in the city's economy, as is Dover Downs, with auto and horse racing and a casino.

The old statehouse on the green, built in part in 1722 as the county courthouse, has been the capitol since 1777; the green is part of the First State National Monument. Numerous historic houses and sites remain including the John Dickinson Plantation. The state museum is in the Old Presbyterian Church (1790). Also there is an agricultural museum and the Air Mobility Command Museum. Delaware State Univ. and Wesley College are the city's noted higher education institutions.

2 City (2020 pop. 32,741), seat of Strafford co., SE N.H., on the Bellamy, Salmon Falls, and Cocheco rivers near their confluence with the Piscataqua; settled 1623, inc. as a city 1855. The 30-ft (9-m) falls of the Cocheco there have empowered industry since the late 1700s. Among the many manufactures are electrical and business equipment, plastic, and shoes.

The first permanent settlement in New Hampshire, Dover was organized in 1633 but grew slowly. Lord Saye and Sele and his group had large holdings there from 1633 to 1641. A massacre by Native Americans occurred in 1689. In 1812 the first cotton factory was established and the town thrived as a textile center. Dover's historic attractions include the garrison house (late 1600s); the Hale house (1806), where Lafayette and James Monroe stayed; and a library that was organized in 1792.

3 Industrial town (2020 pop. 17,331), Morris co., N central N.J., on the Rockaway River; settled 1722, inc. as a town 1869. In an iron ore area, the town grew as an iron-manufacturing center on the old Morris Canal. It still has iron- and steelworks as well as a variety of manufactures. The U.S. army Picatinny Arsenal is nearby.

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1. a port in SE England, in E Kent on the Strait of Dover: the only one of the Cinque Ports that is still important; a stronghold since ancient times and Caesar's first point of attack in the invasion of Britain (55 bc). Pop.: 34 087 (2001)
2. Strait of. a strait between SE England and N France, linking the English Channel with the North Sea. Width: about 32 km (20 miles)
3. a city in the US, the capital of Delaware, founded in 1683: 18th-century buildings. Pop.: 32 808 (2003 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
With DiaCorp's secondary lab in Dover, England, and Genes23's in Paris, France, the combined companies would be a major force in the field of diagnostics in Europe and throughout the developed world.
* New Technologies: A "Centre of Excellence" was created in Dover, England to develop new technologies that help border guards fulfil their duties.
Tropaz, Marseilles, and the Beaches of Normandy in France; Canterbury Cathedral in Dover, England; Amsterdam; Oslo; Copenhagen; then over to Sweden.
We sailed from the white cliffs of Dover, England, as far as St.
March 14th, 1961: Jaguar PR manager and former race driver Bob Berry set out for Dover, England, in the first registered E-Type, The coupe, a test mule, was hastily refurbished to compliment the static car on Jaguar's show stand.
Family members of 58 would-be immigrants who were found dead in a Dutch tomato truck in Dover, England last June, are planning to sue the Netherlands government for compensation.
In June, 58 illegal Chinese immigrants were found suffocated in a truck in Dover, England.
delegation visiting China in the wake of the discovery of the bodies of 58 illegal Chinese immigrants in Dover, England last month.
An effort to simplify complex arrival and departure information graphically at each end of the channel tunnel between Dover, England and Calais, France is but one outstanding example of this process.
the show concerns Malcolm Newman, a 21st Century film historian, who has gone to the White Cliffs of Dover, England with his associate to visit Janice Conway, an Irish woman whose grandmother's parents were aboard the infamous RMS Lusitania when it was torpedoed by a German submarine and has some amazing footage of the sinking which many assumed was never filmed.