Strait of Dover

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Dover, Strait of,

separating Great Britain from France and connecting the English Channel with the North Sea. It is 21 mi (34 km) wide between Dover and Cape Gris-Nez, near CalaisCalais
, city (1990 pop. 78,836), Pas-de-Calais dept., N France, in Picardy, on the Straits of Dover. An industrial center with a great variety of manufactures, it has been a major commercial seaport and a communications center with England since the Middle Ages.
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, and is called Pas-de-Calais by the French. It is traversed regularly by ferry, hovercraft, and, with the completion of the Channel TunnelChannel Tunnel,
popularly called the "Chunnel," a three-tunnel railroad connection running under the English Channel, connecting Folkestone, England, and Calais, France. The tunnels are 31 mi (50 km) long. There are two rail tunnels, each 25 ft (7.
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, by rail. The Romans called it Fretum Gallicum. The Strait of Dover has been the scene of naval battles: in the 13th cent. Hubert de Burgh defeated the invading French, and in 1588 the Spanish Armada was checked there by the English.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Dover, Strait of


(in French Pas de Calais), a strait separating continental Europe (France) and Great Britain. The strait was formed in the Anthropogenic period by the settling and submergence of the land between the European mainland and the British Isles. It is 29 km wide at its narrowest point and has depths to 64 m. The Strait of Dover is the entrance to the English Channel from the North Sea. Its chief British port is Dover; the chief French ports are Calais, Boulogne-sur-Mer, and Dunkerque.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
He said a fault in the Earth's crust under the Dover Straits, which triggered two major shocks in 1382 and 1580, could open again.
He was spotted in the water next to a semi-submerged boat by a passing ship mid-way across Dover Straits at about 8.15am, said Dover Coastguards.
An official groundbreaking at the nearly 11-acre site, a former driving range just west of Dover Straits restaurant at 850 E.
Godolphin has won the Group Two Al Maktoum Challenge Round Three, a trial for the Dubai World Cup, with Cezanne (1994), Dover Straits (1995), Tamayaz (1996), Kammtarra (1997), Spindrift (1999), Dubai Millennium (2000), Street Cry (2002), Grandera (2003), Electrocutionist (2006) and Jalil (2008).
It was third time lucky for the pair who were thwarted twice last week in their efforts to pilot the gondola across the Dover Straits. French and British coastguards insisted the men were escorted across by a support boat which Vittorio and Enzo were at first unable to commission.
A celebration of his life will be held on Saturday, November 10, 2018, from 1:00-4:00 PM at Dover Straits in Mundelein, IL.
In addition, from July 1 this year it has been a mandatory requirement for vessels passing through the Dover Straits to report their name, position and destination to coastal authorities.
Join us for our next chic and fun-filled event, October 16, 11:30 - 1 pm at Dover Straits in Mundelein.
Damir Brkljaca, from Croatia, a cross-Channel ferry's second officer, was fined pounds 1,000 yesterday after an incident in which his vessel came dangerously close to two others in the Dover Straits. His Ramsgate-Ostend Sally Line ferry and the freight vessel Euro Voyager which was carrying dangerous goods, passed just 1,000 metres ahead of a very large, fast container ship.