John Arbuthnot

(redirected from Dr. Arbuthnot)
John Arbuthnot
BirthplaceKincardineshire, Scotland
physician, satirist, polymath

Arbuthnot, John

(ärbŭth`nət, är`bəthnŏt), 1667–1735, Scottish author and scientist, court physician (1705–14) to Queen Anne. He is best remembered for his five "John Bull" pamphlets (1712), political satires on the Whig war policy, which introduced the character John Bull, the typical Englishman. With his friends, Swift, Pope, and Gay, Arbuthnot was a member of the Scriblerus ClubScriblerus Club,
English literary group formed about 1713 to satirize "all the false tastes in learning." Among its chief members were Arbuthnot, Gay, Thomas Parnell, Pope, and Swift. Meetings of the club were discontinued after 1714.
..... Click the link for more information.
, organized to ridicule false tastes in learning, and was the principal author of the "Memoirs of … Martinus Scriblerus," first published in the quarto edition of Pope's works (1741). He was also the author of several progressive medical works. Greatly admired in his time, Arbuthnot was called an unusual genius by Samuel Johnson, and Pope addressed to him the famous "Epistle to Dr. Arbuthnot."


See edition of his works by G. A. Aitken (1892); study by L. M. Beattie (1935).

References in classic literature ?
Addison, a real gentleman, disowned the defense, and this, with other slights suffered or imagined by Pope's jealous disposition, led to estrangement and soon to the composition of Pope's very clever and telling satire on Addison as 'Atticus,' which Pope did not publish, however, until he included it in his 'Epistle to Dr.
Some of the other poems, especially the autobiographical 'Epistle to Dr.
She discusses Samuel Richardson's Clarissa in the context of its poetic antecedents to illustrate formal and thematic connections between epistle and lyric, then outlines the history of the interaction of lyric and epistle in the late 17th and early 18th centuries, focusing on novels by Aphra Behn and Eliza Haywood, as well as Alexander Pope's oEloisa to Abelardo and oEpistle to Dr.
Two of the issues in need of further study were the failure to see in Hume's treatment of opinion the influence of Sir William Temple from the 1680s and the dating of John Bull to raid century, when surely he was the creation of Dr.
His position in literary circles seemed assured when he was invited to join the exclusive Scriblerus Club, of which the other members were Pope, Swift, the Irish poet Thomas Parnell, Dr.
Disliked by many, Budgell was criticized by Alexander Pope in the Epistle to Dr.
One humorous clue to its importance comes near the beginning of the scene, when Richardson's heroine loosely paraphrases a few lines from Alexander Pope's "Epistle to Dr.
Moreover, Pamela stands only to gain from an implicit comparison with the famed poet presented in the "Epistle to Dr.
Works receiving major treatment are The Rape of` the Lock, The Dunciad, Essay on Man, Epistle to Dr.
With characteristic aplomb, Howard Weinbrot prepares us to face the questions students want answers to most when reading the Epistle to Dr.
Addison is bitterly attacked by Alexander Pope in the character of Atticus in Epistle to Dr.
Well-known examples of the Horatian form are the letters of Paul the Apostle (the Pauline epistles incorporated into the Bible) and such works as Alexander Pope's "An Epistle to Dr.